ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.15, No 2, 2019
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EFFECT OF COMPONENTS OF THE WORK TENSION FACTOR ON MILITARY PILOTS
Ukrainian military-medical academy, Kyiv
Full article (PDF), UKR
Introduction. In our time, when the work of military pilots is becoming increasingly important in ensuring the country's defense, the task of preserving and improving the level of efficiency and occupational fitness of flight personnel is rather urgent. Therefore, the study of the influence of factors of work intensity in this regard is relevant and important for increasing the combat capability of the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The purpose of the study was to obtain the characteristics of the influence of various components of the work intensity factor on pilots of different age, taking into account levels of work efficiency and types of aircraft.
Materials and methods of the study. Using a special questionnaire compiled on the basis of the "Hygienic classification of labor ..." (2014), 17 parameters were estimated which characterize the intensity of work by the point scale, standard for this survey, as "very weak" - "very strong" feelings, except for the parameter “monotony of work", the scale value of which is opposite.
160 helicopter pilots and pilots of various qualifications and different age (pilots under 40 and over 40), whose occupational activity was carried out on various types of aircraft (helicopters, subsonic and supersonic jets) were surveyed and their impressions of various factors of work intensity were evaluated.
The efficiency of pilots’ work was estimated by the following parameters: class of the pilot, volume of the total flying time and the flying time over the last year. The aggregation of these data was performed using a factor analysis - factor values were calculated for each pilot, which reflected the efficiency of his work.
According to that parameter, all pilots were conditionally divided into two groups with “high” (factor value less than zero) and “low” (factor values greater than zero) efficiency of work.
The results of the study. For the first time in Ukraine, comparisons have been made on the effect of work factors for pilots with different work efficiencies, type of aircraft, as well as different age by parameters of the subjective feeling of their impact on the body.
Studies have shown that the compared groups differ insignificantly by the level of feelings. To a greater extent this concerns pilots under the age of 40 years. The analysis proved that the difference in feelings depended on the complexity, intensity, shift work and other work parameters provided by the command, taking into account the experience and effectiveness of pilots’ work.
Therefore, we can assume that, in general, (without taking into account the parameters of the tasks), the variables under study (work efficiency, age of the pilot and type of aircraft) do not significantly affect the functional state of pilots. This coincides with the general concept of work organization of a military pilot: a pilot must be healthy and efficient when performing his duties.
Conclusion. For the first time, a comparison has been made on the acting factors of work intensity of pilots with different levels of work efficiency, taking into account their age and type of aircraft. It has been established that there are certain small disagreements in assessing the effect of the mentioned factors on pilots, depending on the age, the level of the pilot's work efficiency, and the adequacy to the complexity of flight tasks proposed by the command.
The availability of a variety of feelings from the impact of some factors (“shift work”, “work monotony”, etc.) proves the importance of careful selection of pilots and monitoring their psycho-physiological qualities for timely identification of individuals with signs of disadaptation, which can significantly prevent decreasing combat capability of flight units.
Key words: factors of work intensity, a feeling of factor influence, work efficiency, pilots, age differences
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ORCID ID of the author:
Pashkovskyi S.M. (ORCID ID 0000-0001-7455-248X)