You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.


Chemyuk V.I., Vitte P.M.


Institute for Occupational Health of AMS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

A workers occupational risk of the harmful working conditions was investigated as an urgent modem state problem. This prob¬lem solving serves to creation of new ideology of preventive medicine on the basis of management of risk and predicts the adverse consequences for health. The preventive measures developed on the basis of this ideology become more economically effective and scientifically grounded.The modem methodology for development measures by an estimation of risks and their management has allowed taking into account also complex of social — hygienic and ethical problems. Depending on the quantitative characteristics for a degree of professional health risk differentiation for preventive intervention became possible. The received earlier data have allowed developing measures of preventive maintenance at a level of the person, professional cohorts' or population, which are under influence of a occupational factor.

Key words: occupational risks, harmful working conditions, dose-effect relations, preventive measures


  1. Global Strategy on Occupational Health for all. The way to health at work, WHO/OCH/95.1Geneva, 1995,68 p.
  2. “Implementation of the WHO Global Strategy for Occupational Health for All. Plan of action: covering the specific period 1996-2001”, 1997, Part I, “Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health”, 10 (2), 1 13-139.
  3. U.N. Globally harmonized system of classification and labeling of chemicals (GHS). (2003), United Nations, New York and Geneva, (ISBN 92-1-11 6840-6), 443 p.
  4. ISO 1999:1990 Acoustics, Determination of noise exposure at workplace and assessment of its effect on hearing impairment.
  5. ISO 2631-1:1997 Mechanical vibration and shock. Evaluation of the impact of whole body vibration on the human body. Part 1. General requirements
  6. ISO 2631-2: 2003 Mechanical vibration and shock. Evaluation of the impact of whole body vibration on the human body. Part 2. Vibration in buildings (from 1 Hz to 80 Hz).
  7. ISO 2631-4: 2001 Mechanical vibration and shock. Evaluation of the impact of whole body vibration on the human body. Guidelines for assessing the impact of vibration and rotational movement on the comfort of passengers and crews on rail transport.
  8. ISO 2631-5: 2004 Mechanical vibration and shock. Evaluation of the impact of whole body vibration on the human body. Part 5. Method for the evaluation of vibration, including repeated shock impact.
  9. ISO 5349-1: 2001 Mechanical vibration. Measurement and assessment of human exposure to vibration transmitted through hands. Part 1. General requirements.
  10. ISO 5349-2: 2001 Mechanical vibration. Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to vibration transmitted through the hands. Part 2. Practical guidance on measuring vibration in the workplace.
  11. Rey Р., Bousquet A.. Compensation for occupation­al injuries and diseases: its effect upon prevention at the workplace//Ergonomics.- 1995.-V.38, No 3.- P. 475-486.
  12. Izmerov N.F. Kaptsov V.A., Denisov E.I. The concept of occupational risk as a basic category of prevention // Scientific-practical. conf. with intern. participation "Actual issues of prevention of non-infectious diseases”, Proceedings, December 14-16, 1993, - Moscow, 1993, -Vol. 1.- p. 9.
  13. Izmerov NF. Denisov E.I. Occupational risk and occupational medicine. Occupational Risk. Manual. - M .: Sotsizdat. 2001, p. 5-40.
  14. ILO Convention 148 (1977) "On protection of workers from occupational risk caused by air pollution, noise and vibration in the workplace” (ratified by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 29, 1988 No. 8694-XI).
  15. A national consensus on guidelines for establish­ment of a post-exposure notificatlon protocol for emergen­cy responders. Laboratory Centre for Disease Control. Health Protection Branch. Health Canada//Can. Commun. Dis. Rep.- 1995.-V.21, No19.-P. 169-180.
  16. Renaud M.. St-Jacques C. The right to refuse in Quebec: five-year evolution of a new mode of expressing risk//Int. J. Health Serv.- 1988.- V. 18, No 3.~ P. 401-417.
  17. Hygienic classification of labor by indicators of harmfulness and danger factors of the production environment, the severity and intensity of the labor process (2001), (GN 3.35-3.3.8: 6.61-083- 2001), Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv.
  18. Sanitary-hygienic characteristics of work conditions {Sanitarno-hihienichna kharakterystyka umov pratsi]. (2002), Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv.
  19. Swuste Р.. Com M.. Goelzer В. Prevention of risk and its control in the work environment. Report from the World Health Organization. 19 October 1994//Med. Pr.- 1995,-V.46, No 1.- P. 81-84.
  20. Izmerov NF. Kaptsov B.A .,Denisov EI. Ovakimov V.G. (1993), “Problems of evaluation of occupational risk in occupational health”, Meditsina truda i prom. ekol.,3-4, 1-5.
  21. Kundiev Yu.I., Cherniuk V.I., Vitte P.N. (1999), “The study of occupational risk in Ukraine”, Meditsina truda i prom. ekol, 4, 6-8.
  22. Vitte P., Kundiev Yu., Shore R., et al. (2003), “Influence of non-radiation factors on the development of radiation cataract in liquidators of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident”, Gigiena truda, 34, 634-648.
  23. Izmerov N.F.. Kaptsov V.A.. Denisov E.I.. Ovakimov V.G. Sotsial'no-gigiyenicheskiye aspekty professional'nogo riska dlya zdorovya i rezervy zashchity vremenem//Meditsina truda i prom. ekol.- 1994,- №2,-S. 1-4.
  24. Suvorov G.KH.. Kravchenko O.K.. Tarasova L.A.. Ko¬peleva L.M. Sravnitel'naya otsenka modeley razvitiya vibratsionnykh narusheniy pri vozdeystvii lokal'noy vibratsii//Meditsina truda i prom. ekol.- 1993.- No 3-4.- S. 5-9.
  25. Kiselev A.V.. Fridman K.B. Otsenka riska zdorov'yu. Podkhody k ispol'zovaniyu v mediko-ekologicheskikh issledovaniyakh i praktike upravleniya kachestvom okruzhayushchey sredy,- SPb.: Mezhdunar. in-t otsenki riska zdorov'yu, 1997.- 74 s.
  26. Kundiev Yu.I., Chernyuk V.I., Vitte P.N. et al. (2001), “The study of occupational health risk is an actual problem of occupational health”, Zhurnal Academii med. nauk Ukrainy, 7 (3), 550-559.
  27. Vitte P.M.(2005) Metody doslidzhen u epidemiolohiyi neinfektsiynykh zakhvoryuvan [Methods of investigation in epidemiology of noninfectious diseases], Institute of Occupational Health, Kyiv.
  28. Professional'nyy risk dlya zdorov'ya rabotnikov: rukovodstvo/ Pod red. N.F.Izmerova, E.I.Denisova.- M.: Trasant. 2003.- 1448 s.
  29. Rukovodstvo po otsenke professional'nogo riska dlya zdorov'ya rabotnikov. Organizatsionno-metodicheskiye osnovy, printsipy i kriterii otsenki. R2.2.1766-03.- M.: M3 Rossii. 2003,- 23 s.
  30. Chernyuk V.I. (1987), “Occupational hearing loss in agricultural mechanics”, Vracheb delo, 5, 91-93.
  31. Chernyuk V.I.. Vitte, PN, Kirichenko, E.E. (1998),” The study of the risk of occupational hearing loss in agricultural mechanics”, Scient,.-pract. conf. "Actual problems of occupational health and occupational pathology in machine building", Abstracts, Kyiv,17
  32. Molodkina N.I. Obosnovaniye kriteriyev professional'nogo riska//Professional'nyy risk. Spravochnik.- M.: Sotsizdat. 2001.- S. 48-56.
  33. Starozhuk I.A.. Lagutina G.L. Risk vibratsionnykh narusheniy ot obshchey vibratsii//Professional'nyy risk. Spravochnik.- M.: Sotsizdat. 2001.-S. 98-106.
  34. Denisov E.I.. Kravchenko O.K. Risk vibratsion¬noy bolezni ot lokal'noy vibratsii//Professional'- nyy risk. Spravochnik,-M.: Sotsizdat. 2001.-S. 82-93.
  35. Ross М.Н.. Murray J. Occupational respiratory dis­ease in mining//Occup. Med. (Lond).- 2004.- V.54, No 5.- P. 304-310.