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Cherednichenko I. M.


SI "Institute for Occupational Health on NAMS of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. A problem of energy saving is now very actual in the world. Lighting is a large and quickly developing branch of energy consumption and discharges of greenhouse gases. One of effective ways in decreasing the energy consumption for lighting is the use of compact luminescence lamps. More than 20 mln of them are used in Ukraine annually and in the nearest future volumes of productionі of such lamps will be increased. Due to such wide use of compact luminescence lamps it is high time to study their effect on the human body.

Purpose of the study. To study and ground the data of the national and foreign literature, concerning the effect of compact luminescence lamps on development of physiological reactions in the human body.

Materials and methods. An analytical survey of scientific publications, using the data of the PubMed, Vernadsky National library of Ukraine, National scientific and technical library of Ukraine, National scientific medical library of Ukraine was made. Results. In the spectrum of radiation from compact luminescence lamps there are ultraviolet, visible and infrared ranges of the optic spectrum. Different systems of starting devices can add parameters of high frequency radiation (2–400 кHz) and radiation of industrial frequency (50 Hz) to the optic spectrum. The intensity of light flows, characteristics of brightness and spectral composition, placement of eye relatively to light source, availability of glare affect the formation of physiological reactions.

Conclusion. The conduct of hygienic studies on the combined assessment of the effect of compact luminescence lamps on the human health will make it possible to develop measures to rationalization of lighting systems for prophylaxis of the harmful affect and optimization of body functions, to prevent development of premature and chronic fatigue and to raise the effectiveness of work.

Key words: modern sources of energy saving for lighting, compact luminescence lamps, biological action of light, optical radiation, melatonin synthesis, work ability


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