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Cherednichenko I. M.


SI "Institute for Occupational Health on NAMS of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. The actuality of studies is associated with eleboration and introduction of new energy saving sources and systems of illumination, as their hygienic characteristics and biological effect have not been sufficiently presented in the literature. Purpose of the study. To give a sanitary and hygienic assessment of modern compact luminescent lamps with various technical and light characteristics for further srudying their biological action in extreme conditions.

Materials and methods. The studies were conducted in experimental conditions, using compact luminescence lamps of CLW type of various power (5–23 Watt) and the color temperature (2700–6400 ºK). The measurings were made using such divices: photometer digital TEC 0693, dosimeter of energy illumination Tenzor-51, radiometer of energy illumination UVR-21, radio meter of energy illumination RAT-2P, meter of parameters of electric and magnetic fields BE-meter – AT-002, meter of levels of electromagnetic radiations P 3-31. The hygienic assessment of the results of measurements was made, according to the acting sanitary legislation of Ukraine; DSN 239-96, DSN, DSN, SN 4557-88, DSTU B.2.2.-6 -97, DBN V2.5.-28-2006, GN No 472/25249.

Results. It is established that compact luminescence lamps of various types can generate a wide spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, both in visible and ultraviolet (UV-A and UV-B) and high frequency (2–400 kHz) diapasons of radiation. The intensity of spectrum constituents of the light spectrum is determed, in the forst palce, by the color tremperature of luminescence lamps. In addition to spectra, being near to natural (sun light) other types of the light spectrum can be ganarated, most of its red or blue part. The biological effect of such spectra has been studied insufficiently.

Conclusion. There have been received the initial data for the design of an experimental device in orde to study a biological effect of modern compact luminescence lamps for elaboration of hygienic requirements to their use in production conditions.

Key words: energy saving, compact luminescence lamps, color temperature, brightness, illumination, optic radiation, high frequency radiation, melatonin


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