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Chudnovets A. J., Tsapko V. G., Sterenbogen M. J., Papach V. V.


SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. The biological factor is a complex of biologically active substances able to adversely affect a person in the environment or the working environment and it is also a factor of occupational risk for workers’ health. Most likely the influence of biological factors concerns workers of main occupations in agriculture such as field crop cultivation, processing of crops, care of animals at farms, and at the processing plants.

Purpose to identify main peculiarities and regulations of formation of the biological factor in three branches of agriculture, such as livestock farming (stock farms for meat, dairy and pig production), enterprises for processing plant material into bio-fuel (for example, rape) and fodder production plants.

Methods. The integrated approach was used and a comparative analysis of working conditions with the use of sanitary, bacteriological and mycological and statistical research methods was made.

Results. The study shows that the biological factor for branches of agricultural production is the leading one. The development of this factor depends on the specificity of production, the character of technological operations, the degree of mechanization process, type and quality of the raw material to be used or processed. The microclimatic indices and the dust factor influence the formation of the biological factor. The presence of high concentrations and wide spectrum of microorganisms in the working environment, able to manifest infectious, allergic, toxic and carcinogenic effects, can be considered as a potential risk factor in occurrence of work-related and occupational diseases for workers in different branches of the agrarian production sector. Newsletters with recommendations for enterprises, depending on the branches of agricultural production, have been proposed, based on the results of studies.

Key words: agricultural production, biological factor, microclimite, dust and microbiological factors


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