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Kalnish V. V.


State Institution "Institute for Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), RUS

Introduction. All-round use of modern computer technologies resulted in wide prevalence of different operator’s professions, characterized by uniform behavior reactions in users, which was reflected in a great number of studies. However, in the available kinds of work, the fact that there are available at least two groups of people, inclined and stable to monotony developing, is not always taken into consideration. The integration of these groups in one group, which is very popular in some investigators, makes the obtained results significantly diffused and insignificant and, very often, contradictory. In particular, till present time, there is yet exists now a universal opinion on mechanisms of formation of such state. With this in view a problem of systematization of the proposed mechanisms of formation of the state of monotonia gains a particular actuality for further development of methods for the control and correction of the functional state of a man-operator.

Purpose of this presentation is to make a review of the available data on peculiarities and mechanisms of development of the state of monotonia in individuals, performing a uniform work.

Results. An analysis of modern literature on the problems of detection of mechanisms of monotonia development in conditions of existing uniform activity has been made. It is pointed that the existing hypotheses on mechanisms of development of monotonia are confined by assumptions on overloading or misleading of certain structures of the brain and on availability of periodic changes in their activation from high to low level and vise verse.

Conculsion. The multiplicity of available hypothesis and explanations on monotonia process in doing a uniform work shows that a problem on the origin and development of this state is still in the process on an intensive elaboration. The availability of wide compensation abilities of an individual integrates a pattern of formation of the state of monotonia and prevents formulating a hypothesis on the origin and mechanisms of development of this state. The analysis of the literature data makes it possible to suppose that a quality of stability-inclination to development of the state of monotonia in the uniform work is a fundamental quality in functioning of a human body, which is indirectly proved by the differentiation of work, first in the history of the mankind, in the period of formation of "neolythic revolution".

Key words: uniform activity, state of monotonia, sensory deprivation, motor deprivation, work conditions, mechanisms of monotonia formation


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