You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.


Kalnish V. V.


State Institution "Institute for Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), RUS

Introduction. A negative effect of the monotonia factor on work capacity, in individuals, inclined to development of the monotonia state, in particular, represents a serious and ever growing problem by its significance. A solution of this problem lies in several planes: defining consequences of the monotonia effect on the functional state of a man, assessment of factors of the work environment, resulting in development of the monotonia state and elaboration of measures, directed at removal of negative consequences and preventing formation of the monotonia state. The solution of these problems is urgent because of their wide prevalence and due to the increase of volumes of similar works, connected with computerization of occupational activity.

The purpose of the present publication is to perform a survey of the available evidence on the consequences of the effect of the monotonia state in the process of the monotone work, to develop, on this base, methods of assessment of the uniformity of the production process and expressiveness of the monotonia state as well as preventive measures and rehabilitation of consequences of developing such state.

Results. Basing on the analysis of the literature data it is shown, that the monotonia state, developing in the process of a longterm similar work, complicated by the availability of sensory, cognitive and social deprivation, is accompanied by changes in the emotional sphere, perceptive processes, disorders of sleep and wakefulness modes, functional state of the brain and probable development of specific states. There have been distinguished factors of stability to different types of deprivation, preventing monotonia development.

Conclusion. There have been considered consequences of the effect of a long­term similar work on employees’ functional state. Factors of stability to monotonia development have been distinguished and methods of assessment of the uniform activity have been proposed by parameters of its rhythmicity. Possible methods of prevention and correction of negative consequences after development of the monotonia state are described.

Key words: similar activity, monotonia state, monotonia consequences, assessment of uniformity in the activity, monotonia prevention


  1. Averyanov, V. S., Utkina, N. S., Kapustin, K. G. 1978. Problems of work human capacity in monotone types of work. Physiological bases in increasing work efficiency. Leningrad : Nauka, pp. 8–21 (in Russian).
  2. Alekseyenkova, Е. G. 2009, A perconality in con­ditions of psychic deprivation. Sankt­Peterburg : Piter, 96 p. (in Russian).
  3. Vinogradov, М. I. 1966, Physiology of work proces­ses. Мoscow : Меditsina, 367 p. (in Russian).
  4. Dementiyenko, V. V., Dorokhov, V. B., Gerus, S. V. et al. 2008, "Biomathematical model in the process of a manoperator sleeping", Fiziologia cheloveka, v. 34, no 4, pp. 1–10 (in Russian).
  5. Dorokhov, V. B. 2003, "Alpha activity of EEG in napping as a necessary condition of the effective interaction with the outer space", Electronic journal "Studied in Russia", no. 2294. http://zhurnal.ape. (in Russian).
  6. Dorokhov, V. B., Arseniev, G. N., Ткаchenko, О. N. et al. 2011, "Psychomotor test for studying ocular­motor coordination in monotone activity, related to tracing an object", Zhurnal vysshei nervnoi deyatelnosti, v. 61, no. 4, pp. 476–484 (in Russian).
  7. Dorokhov, V. B., Verbitskaya, Yu. S., Lavrova, Т. P. 2009, "Auditory evoked potentials and disorders of psychomotor activity, caused by sleeping", Zhurnal vysshei nervnoi deyatelnosti, v. 59, no 2, pp. 133–143 (in Russian).
  8. Zolina, Z. М. 1983, Physiology of mental work, Manual on physiology of work (Eds. Z. M. Zolina, N. F. Iz­ me rov). Moscow : Меditsina, pp. 280–326 (in Russian).
  9. Kalnish, V. V. 2016, "Monotone activity and the state of monotonia. Information 1. Definition and formation factors", Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 1 (46), pp. 18–30 (in Russian).
  10. Kalnish, V. V. 2016, "Monotone activity and the state of monotonia. Information 2. Mechanisms of monotonia development", Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 2 (47), pp. 33–44 (in Russian).
  11. Langmeyer, I., Маteichyk, Z. 1984, Psychic depri­vation in the childhood. Praha : Avicenum, Medical publishing house, 334 p. (in Russian).
  12. Lebedev, V. I. 2002, Psychology and psychopathology lonesomeness and group­related isolation. Мoscow : Unity­Dana, 407 p. (in Russian).
  13. Leontiev, D. А., Rasskazova, Е. I. 2006, Test on sur vival. Мoscow : Mysl, 63 p. (in Russian).
  14. Naristin, N. N. 1998, Confident conversation. Psycho logy of happiness. Мoscow : АST­press, 264 p. (in Russian).
  15. Pavlov, I. P. 1954, Collection of works, v. ІІІ, p. 240 (in Russian).
  16. Francle, V. 2000, Basis of logotherapy. Psycho­therapy and religion. Sankt­Peterburg : Rech, 285 p. (in Russian).
  17. Hegenhan, B., Оlson, М. 2004, A theory of training. Sankt­Peterburg : Piter, 474 p. (in Russian).
  18. Augenstein, L. G. 1955, Evidences of periodicities in human task performance, Information Theory in Psychology: Problems and Methods, (Ed. G. Quastler. Glencoe). IL : The Free Press, 1955, pp. 208–231.
  19. Chattington, M., Wilson, M., Ashford, D., Marple­Horvat, D. E. 2007, "Eye­steering coordination in natural driving", Exp. Brain. Res., v. 180, no. 1, pp. 1–14.
  20. Cluydts, R., De Valck, E., Verstraeten, E., Theys, P. 2002, "Daytime sleepiness and its evaluation", Sleep Med. Rev., v. 6, no. 2, pp. 83–96.
  21. Crick, F., Koch, C. 1990, "Towards a neurobiological theory of consciousness", Seminar in Neuroscience, v. 2, pp. 263–275.
  22. Dinges, D. F. 2004, "Critical research issues in development of biomathematical models of fatigue and performance", Aviat. Space Environ. Med.,v. 75, no. 3, pp. A181.
  23. Evans, B. M. 1993, "Cyclical activity in non­rapid eye movement sleep: a proposed arousal inhibitory mechanism", EEG and Clin. Neurophysiol., v. 86, pp. 123–131.
  24. Evans, B. M. 1992, "Periodic activity in cerebral arousal mechanisms­the relationship to sleep and brain damage", EEG and Clin. Neurophysiol., v. 83, pp. 130–137.
  25. Fanhing, G. W. 1992, The psychology of cons­cious ness, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 285 p.
  26. Ferrara, S. D., Zancaner, S., Giorgetti, R. 1994, "Low blood alcohol concentrations and driving impairm ent. A review of experimental studies and international legislation", Int. J. Legal. Med., v. 106, no. 4, pp. 169–177.
  27. Field, D. T., Wilkie, R. M., Wann, J. P. 2008, "The dynamics of reciprocal aiming with a steering wheel", Exp. Brain. Res., v. 188, no. 1, pp. 141–146.
  28. Halasz, P. 1998, "Hierarchy of micro­arousals and the microstructure of sleep", Neurophysiol. Clin., v. 28, pp. 461–475.
  29. Hancock, P. A., de Ridder S. N. 2003, "Behavioral accident avoidance science: understanding response in collision incipient conditions", Ergonomics, v. 46, no. 12, pp. 1111–1135.
  30. Hobson, J., Pace­Schou, E., Stickgold, R. 2000, "Dreming and the brain: toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states", Behavioral and Brain Sciences, v. 23 (6), pp. 793–842.
  31. Horne, J., Reiner, L. 1999, "Vehicle accidents related to sleep: a review", Occup. Environ. Med., v. 56, pp. 289–295.
  32. Makeig, S., Jung, T.­P. 1996, "Tonic, phasic and tran sient EEG correlates of auditory awareness in drowsiness", Cogn. Brain Res., v. 4, pp. 15–25.
  33. Makeig, S., Jung, T.­P., Sejnowski, T.J. 2000, "Awareness during drowsiness: dynamics and electrophysiological correlates", Canad. J. Experim. Psychol., v. 54, no. 4, pp. 266–273.
  34. Marple­Horvat, D. E., Cooper, H. L., Gilbey, S. L. et al. 2008, "Alcohol badly affects eye movements linked to steering, providing for automatic in–car detection of drink driving", Neuropsychopharmacology, v. 33, no. 4, pp. 849–858.
  35. Pivik, R. T. 2000, Psychophysiology of dreams. Princ iples and practice of sleep medicine (Eds. Kryger M. T., Dement W. C.), 3rd ed., Philadelphia W. B. SAUNDERS COMPANY, pp. 491–501.
  36. Robertshaw, K. D., Wilkie, R. M.2007, "Neural systems in the visual control of steering", J. Neurosci., v. 27, no. 30, pp. 8002–8010.
  37. Sansone, C., Wiebe, D. J., Morgan C. 1999, "Self­Regulating Interest: The Moderating Role of Hardiness and Conscientiousness", Journal of Personality, v. 67, pp. 701–733.
  38. Valk, E., Cluydts, R. 2003, "Sleepiness as a state­trait phenomenon, comprising both a sleep drive and a wake drive", Med. Hypotheses, v. 60, no. 4, pp. 509–523.
  39. Wyatt, J. K., Dijk, D. J., Ronda, J. M. et al. 1997, "Interaction of circadian and sleep/wake homeostaticprocesses modulate psychomotor vigilance test (PVT) performance", J. Sleep Res., v. 26, pp. 759–788.