Kalnish V. V.


State Institution "Institute for Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), RUS

Introduction. A negative effect of the monotonia factor on work capacity, in individuals, inclined to development of the monotonia state, in particular, represents a serious and ever growing problem by its significance. A solution of this problem lies in several planes: defining consequences of the monotonia effect on the functional state of a man, assessment of factors of the work environment, resulting in development of the monotonia state and elaboration of measures, directed at removal of negative consequences and preventing formation of the monotonia state. The solution of these problems is urgent because of their wide prevalence and due to the increase of volumes of similar works, connected with computerization of occupational activity.

The purpose of the present publication is to perform a survey of the available evidence on the consequences of the effect of the monotonia state in the process of the monotone work, to develop, on this base, methods of assessment of the uniformity of the production process and expressiveness of the monotonia state as well as preventive measures and rehabilitation of consequences of developing such state.

Results. Basing on the analysis of the literature data it is shown, that the monotonia state, developing in the process of a longterm similar work, complicated by the availability of sensory, cognitive and social deprivation, is accompanied by changes in the emotional sphere, perceptive processes, disorders of sleep and wakefulness modes, functional state of the brain and probable development of specific states. There have been distinguished factors of stability to different types of deprivation, preventing monotonia development.

Conclusion. There have been considered consequences of the effect of a long­term similar work on employees’ functional state. Factors of stability to monotonia development have been distinguished and methods of assessment of the uniform activity have been proposed by parameters of its rhythmicity. Possible methods of prevention and correction of negative consequences after development of the monotonia state are described.

Key words: similar activity, monotonia state, monotonia consequences, assessment of uniformity in the activity, monotonia prevention


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