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NANOPARTICLES OF METALS, METHODS OF DEFINITION, SPHERES OF USE, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND TOXIC PROPERTIES

4(37) 2013

DOI xxxxxxxx

Trakhtenberg I. M., Dmytrukha N. M.

NANOPARTICLES OF METALS, METHODS OF DEFINITION, SPHERES OF USE, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND TOXIC PROPERTIES

SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Background. Intensive studies on nanoscience and on implementation of the results of nanotechnologies into practice of human activity are conducted all over the world, including Ukraine.
Purpose. To study and generate the data of the world literature, covering also personal investigations, regarding the general characteristics of nanoparticles of metals, toxic properties and spheres of use.
Methods. An analytical review of scientific publications, using the databases of Portalnano, PubMed and Vernadsky National library of Ukraine, generation of the data.
Results. The characteristics of nanoparticles of metals is given, covering, also, methods of their definition, spheres of use and properties.
Conclusion. Metal compounds in the form of nanoparticles have physical, chemical properties and can cause toxic effects in comparison with their micro- and ionic forms. Their toxicity depends on such characteristics, as size, structure, square of the surface, type of the metal, method of definition and a biological model, which is used in the study.

Key words: nanomaterials, nanotoxicology, metals nanoparticles, biosafety

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