https://doi.org/10.33573/ujoh2017.03.023

Kalnish V. V.

OCCUPATIONAL ACTIVITY IN EXTREME WORK CONDITIONS: DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATIONS

State Institution "Institute for Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), RUS

Introduction. The investigation of the effect of extreme work conditions on the state of workers’ health and on successfulness of a human work has gained, at present, a new impulse. Its occurrence is explained by complications of technologies, appearance of new dangerous types of occupational activity, all-round use of the obsolete equipment as well as of many other factors, contributing to modern problems of occupational health.

Purpose of the study – to structure the data on the effect of factors of the extreme work conditions of the worker’s health and to establish probable approaches, allowing the body to compensate their harmful effect.

Materials and methods. The analysis and generalization of the literature data on the problems of the effect of extreme work conditions on the human health have been conducted.

Results. Resulting from the analysis of the literature data a Classification on conditions and/or situations, forming a stress in a human, engaged in work conditions of high danger, has been proposed. An approach, based on the mechanism of the natural selection of persons, capable to work in such extreme conditions, has been established by means of formation of a special functional system, which can be named as a psychophysiological "armour".

Conclusion. The extreme factors of the work environment has bee structured, which makes it possible to distinguish the most significant of them, and, so, to define their place in the system of irritants influencing a human. A hypothesis has been stated on the probable mechanism of “natural selection” under the effect of a combination of extreme factors, enabling to permit working only such individuals, in whom the development of the defensive psychophysiological "armour" is possible, promoting their stability to overcoming the available tests.

Key words: extreme work conditions, dangerous work conditions, Classification on work environmental factors, psycho-emotional strain

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