You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.


2(26) 2011

DOI xxxxxxxx

Tsapko V. С.1,2, Sterenbogen М. Yu.2, Chudnovets A. Y.2, Papach V. V.3


1 National University of Life and Environmental, Kiev

2 Institute for Occupational Health of AMS of Ukraine, Kiev

3 Regional Sanitary and Epidemiological Station, Cherkassy

Full article (PDF), UKR

The results of hygienic studies on work conditions in production of biofuel from maize at the stage of raw material processing are presented. It is found that in maize processing workers are exposed to a combination of physical, chemical and biological factors of the work environment, exceeding normative values depending on the type of technological operations. Maize, as a raw material, used for production of biofuel, is a favorable medium for development of a wide spectrum of microfungies; so it requires a detailed study. Their probable negative action under the combined action of other factors of the work environment is a potential risk factor for the health of workers.

Key words: work conditions, production of biofuel, maize, biological factor


    1. Biopalyva (tekhnolohiya, mashyny i obladnannya) / O. Dubrovin, M. O. Korchemniy [ta in.].- K:TSTI “Enerhetyka i elektryfikatsiya”, 2004.- 256 s.
    2. Borovkov A. V. Fitotoksicheskiye metabolity gribov roda Fusarium FR / A. V. Borovkov, O. A. Berestetskiy //Mikologiya i fitopatologiya.- 1983.-T. 17, No 4.-S. 349-356.
    3. Dubrovin V. O. Rozvytok tekhnolohiy vykorystannya roslynnytskoyi produktsiyi na enerhetychni potreby v Ukrayini / V. O. Dubrovin // Ahrarna nauka i osvita.- 2004.-T. 5, No1-2.-S. 86-91.
    4. Dudka S. L. Mikroflora zerna kukurudzy / S. L. Dudka, N. I. Pinchuk, L. I.Panchyk // Zberihannya ta pererob¬ka zerna.- 2000.- No 8.- S. 27-28.
    5. Dudka S. L. Fakultatyvni patoheny kukurudzy / L. Dudka, A. A. Nykolaenko // Prydniprovskyy nauk, visnyk.- 1998.- No 113 (180).-S. 31-34.
    6. Suchasni problemy ta ekonomiko-enerhetychni aspekty vyroshchuvannya riznykh za skorostyhlistyu hibrydiv kukurudzy v umovakh stepu Ukrainy / B. V. Dzyubetskyy, V. S. Rybka, V. YU. Cherchel, N. O. Lyashchenko // Khranenye y pererabotka zerna.- 2007.- No 5 (95).- S. 14-17.
    7. Chernetsova I. B. Mikroflora otechestvennykh i zarubezhnykh zernovykh kul'tur / I. B. Chernetsova // Byulleten' VNII eksperimental'noy veterinarii.- 1986.- Vyp. 54.- S. 52-54.
    8. Tsapko V.G., Sterenbogen M.Yu., Chudnovets A.Ya. (2005), “Biological agents as an occupational risk factors”, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, 3-4, 84-90.
    9. Tsapko V.G, Chudnovets A.Ya., Sterenbogen M.Yu. (2006), “Hygienic significance of bioaerosols in estimation of work conditions of agricultural workers”, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, 4 (8), 65-71.
    10. Tsapko V.G., Sterenbogen M.Yu.,, Chudnovets A.Ya., Psapach V.V. (2010), “Hygienic peculiarities of fluid production (biodiesel) from plant raw material, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, З (23), 56-61.
    11. Baliukoniene V.. Mycological and mycotoxicological evaluation of grain / Baliukoniene V., Bakutis B,. Stankevicius H. // Ann Agric Environ Med.- 2003.- V. 10.-P. 223-227.
    12. Epidemiology of Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol content in winter wheat in the Rhineland, Germany / Barzele B., Meier A., Handorf H. [et al.] // Eur J Plant Pathol.- 2002.-V. 108.- P. 667-673.
    13. Occurrence of microscopic fungi and mycotoxins in conserved high moisture com from Slovakia / Biro D., Juracek M., Kacaniova M. [et al.] // Ann Agric Environ Med.-2009.-V. 16.-P. 227-232.
    14. Bottalico A. Toxigenic Fusarium species and mycotoxins associated with head blight in small-grain cereals in Europe / A. Bottalico, G. Perrone // Eur J Plant Pathol.- 2002.-V. 108.- P. 611-624.
    15. Desai M. R. Aflotoxin related occupational exposure to maize processing workers / M. R. Desai, S. K. Ghosh // Cell Mol Biol.- 2003.-V. 49(4).- P. 529-535.
    16. Dutkiewicz J. Bacteria and fungi in organic dust as a potential health hazard / J. Dutkiewicz // Ann. Agric. Environ. Med.- 1997.- No 4.- P. 11-16.
    17. Dutkiewicz J. Microbial hazards in plants processing grain & herbs / J. Dutkiewicz // Am. J. Ind. Med.- 1989.-No 10.-P. 300-302.
    18. Endotoxin responsiveness and subchronic grain dust-induced airway disease / George C. L., Jin H., Wohlford-Lenane C. L. [et al.] // Am J Physiol Lung Mol Physiol.- 2001.-V. 280 (2).-P. 203-213.
    19. Influence of temperature water activity and pH on growth of some xerophilic fungi / Gock M. A., Hocking A. D., Pitt J. I. [et al.] // Int J Food Microbiol.- 2003.-V. 81.- P. 11-19.
    20. Multilevel analysis of the impact of environmental factors and agricultural practices on the concentration in hay of microorganisms responsible for farmers lung disease / Haore H.G. [et al.] // Ann Agric Environ Med.- 2009.-V. 16.-P. 219-225.
    21. Aspergillus pseudotamarii, a new aflotoxin produsing species in Aspergillus section Flavi / [Ito Y., Peterson S.W., Wicklow D.T., Goto T.] // Mycol Res.- 2001.-V. 105.-P. 233-239.
    22. Kedera C. J. Incidence of Fusarium spp. And levels of fumonisin B1 in maize in western Kenya / Kedera C. J., Plattner R. D., Desjardins A. E. // Appl Environ Microbiol.- 1999.-V. 65.-P. 41-44.
    23. King S. B. Genotype differences in maize to kernel infection by Fusarium molineforme / S. B. King, G. E. Scott // Phytopatology.- 1981.-V. 71, No 12.- P. 1245 -1247.
    24. Kurup V. Respiratory fungal allergy / Kurup V., Shen H., Banerjee B. // Microbes infect. -2000.- No 2.- P. 1101-1110.
    25. Lacey J. Fungal and actinomycete spores as pollutans of the workplace and occupational allergens / Lacey J., Crook B. // Ann. Occup. Hyg.- 1998.- No 32.- P. 515-533.
    26. Fusarium toxins and fungi associated with handing of grain on eight Finnish farms / Lappalainen S., Nikulin M., Berg S. [et al.] // Atmosphere. Environ.- 1996.-V. 30.- No 17.- P. 3059-3065.
    27. Factors determining accumulation of mycoxins producers in cereal grain during harvesting / Lagaus- kas A., Raila A., Zvicevicius E. [et al.] // Ann Agric Environ Med.-2007.-V. 14.-P. 173-186.
    28. Latge J. P. The pathobiology of Aspergillus Fumigatus / J. P. Latge // Trends Microbiol.- 2001.- No 9.- P. 382-389.
    29. Microbial dustiness and particle release of different biofuels / [Madsen A, Martensson L, Schaider T, Larsson L.] // Ann. Occup. Hyg.- 2004.- No 48.- PT327-338.
    30. Selective effect of propionates and water activity on maize microflora and impact on fumonisin Bx accu­mulation / Marin S., Magan N., Abellana M. [et al.] // J Stored Prod Res.- 2000.- No 36.- P. 203-214.
    31. McLean M. Maize grains and their associated mycoflora - a microecological consideration / M. McLean, P. Berjak // Seed Sci. And Technol.- 1987.- No 3.- P. 831-850. .
    32. Trichothecene mycotoxins and their determinants in settled dust related to grain production Nordby K. [et al.] // Ann Agric Environ Med.- 2004.- No 11.- P. 75-83.
    33. Pelhate J. Maize silage. Incidence of moulds during con­servation / J. Pelhate // Folia Vet Lat.- 1977.- No 7.- P. 1-16.
    34. PieckovaE. Fusarium moniliforme, F. subglutinans and Aspergillus flavus in maize products in Slovakia / E. Pieckova, Z. Jesenka // Czech Mycol.- 2001.- No 53.- P. 229-235.