4(28) 2011

DOI xxxxxxxx

Gvozdenko L. A., Tikhonova N. S., Beseda A. U.

ON METHODOLOGiCAL APPROACHES TO ASSESSiNG BiOLOGiCAL EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETiC RADiATiON OF THE OPTiC RANGE (INFRARED, ViSiBLE, ULTRAVIOLET)

SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv

Full article (PDF), RUS

For rating biological effects of the optical radiation it is appropriate to use a set of factors, caused by physical nature of radiation preformed by the flux of photons with different energies, which interact with structure elements of the living organism, forming anions, peroxides, free radicals as a result of the damage of weak bonds in molecules. It is recomended to estimate the intensity of free radical and antioxidant processes, presence of denatured protein molecules, and, also, functions of the blood circulation system, thermoregulation and the immune system. Free radical mechanism of initiation of the occupational cataract should be considered in the research of he visual analyzer.

Key words: electromagnetic radiation, optical range, free radical and oxidation processes

References

    1. Kriksunov L. Z. Spravochnik po osnovam infrakrasnoy tekhniki / L. Z. Kriksunov.- M.: Sov. Radio, 1970.- 400 s.
    2. Galanin N. F. Luchistaya energiya i yeye gigiyenicheskoye znacheniye / N. F. Galanin.- L.: Meditsina, 1969.182 s.
    3. Malysheva A. Ye. Infrakrasnoye izlucheniye / A. Ye. Malysheva // Rukovodstvo po gigiyene truda. Tom 1.- M.: Meditsina, 1965.- S. 218-270.
    4. Gvozdenko L. A. Vliyaniye opticheskogo izlucheniya proizvodstvennykh istochnikov na sostoyaniye zdorov'ya rabochikh / L. A. Gvozdenko.- XI s"yezd gigiyenistov USSR,- L'vov. 1986.- S. 104-106.
    5. Solonin YU. G., Maslentsova S. B., Kuznetsova Z. M. Funktsional'noye sostoyaniye pri trudovoy deyatel'nosti, rabotosposobnosti i zdorov'ye cheloveka // Fiziologiya cheloveka.- 1984.- T. 10, No 1.- S. 66-78.
    6. Sliney D. H. Risks of occupational exposure to optical radiation / Sliney D. H. // Med Lav.- 2006. Mar- Apr, V. 97 (2).- P. 215-20.
    7. Emmanuel' N. M. Rol' svobodnykh radikalov v radiobiologicheskikh protsessakh / N. M. Emmanuel' // Pervichnyye mekhanizmy biologicheskogo deystviya ioniziruyushchikh izlucheniy.- M.:AN SSSR, 1963.- C. 75-83.
    8. Kalmonson A. Z. O prirode i roli svobodnykh radikalov v biologicheskikh protsessakh // Avtoreferat dis. d.b.n.- M., 1987.- 36 s.
    9. Primak V. N. Obobshchennyy printsip otsenki effekta i effektivnosti deystviya elektromagnitnogo izlucheniya na biologicheskiye sistemy / V. N. Primak // Mekh. analiz i otsenka effektivnosti deystviya izlucheniya na biologicheskiye sistemy.- Pushchino: NTS AN SSSR,- 1985.- C. 7-20.
    10. Tarusov B. N. Informatsionnoye znacheniye sverkhslabogo svecheniya / B. N. Tarusov // Sverkhslabyye svecheniya v biologii.- 1972.- T. 39. - C. 9-17.
    11. Aleksandrov V. Ya. Kletki, makromolekuly i temperatura / V. Ya. Aleksandrov.- L.:Nauka, 1975.330 s.
    12. Roshchupkin D. I. Molekulyarnyye mekhanizmy povrezhdeniya biomembran lipidov i belkov pri deystvii opticheskogo izlucheniya // Avtoreferat dis. d. b. n.- M., 1980.- 25 s.
    13. Allen A. O. Radiatsionnaya khimiya vody i vodnykh rastvorov / A. O. Allen.- M.: Gosatomizdat, 1963.- 204 s.
    14. 14. Musil YA. I. Gigiyenicheskiye standarty dlya elektromagnitnykh poley: sovremennoye sostoyaniye i perspektivy / Ya. I. Musil // Gigiyena truda i profzabolevaniya.- 1985.- No 6.- S. 12-15.
    15. Zhuravlev A. I. Substraty i mekhanizmy endogennoy (khimicheskoy) generatsii vozbuzhdennykh elektronnykh sostoyaniy i sverkhslabogo svecheniya v tkanyakh / A. I. Zhuravlev // Sverkhslaboye svecheniye v biologii. Trudy MOIP.- 1972.- T 39.- S. 17-24.
    16. Serkiz N. I. Khemilyuminestsentsiya krovi v eksperimental'noy i klinicheskoy onkologii / N. I. Serkiz, Ye. Ye. Chebotarev, V. A. Baraboy.- Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1984.- 184 s.
    17. Farkhutdinov R R. Klinicheskiye aspekty primeneniya metoda registratsii khemilyuminestsentsii krovi / R R. Farkhutdinov // Ther.arkh..- 1984.- No 8.- S. 150-152.
    18. Barltrop D. Vozbuzhdennyye sostoyaniya v organicheskoy khimii / Barltrop D., Koyl D.- M.: Mir, 1978.- 186 s.
    19. Burlakova Ye. B. Vklad antioksidantov i endogennykh tiolov v obespecheniye radiorezistentnosti organizma / Burlakova Ye. B., Ivachenko G. F., Shishkina L. N. // Izvestiya AN SSSR Ser. biologiya.- 1985.- No 4.- S. 588-593.
    20. Otsenka sostoyaniya cheloveka s tsel'yu obosnovaniya gigiyenicheskikh trebovaniy k mikroklimatu rabochikh mest i meram profilaktiki okhlazhdeniya i peregrevaniy.- M., 1990.- No 5168-90.
    21. Semennikova T. K. Sravnitel'naya kharakteristika sostoyaniya serdechno-sosudistoy sistemy rabochikh listoprokatnogo i kuznechno-pressovogo tsekha / Semennikova T. K. // Gigiyenicheskiye aspekty profilaktiki serdechno-sosudistoy patologii pri vozdeystvii faktorov okruzhayushchey i proizvodstvennoy sredy.- M.:MNIIG 1982.- S. 30-42.
    22. Vinogradov G. I. Teoreticheskiye i prakticheskiye aspekty gigiyenicheskoy reglamentatsii faktorov okruzhayushchey sredy na osnove immunologicheskogo kriteriya vrednosti / Vinogradov G. I. // Gigiyena i sanitariya.- 1984.- No 4.- S. 4-6.
    23. Gvozdenko L. A. Gigiyenicheskoye znacheniye opticheskogo izlucheniya v usloviyakh sovremennogo proizvodstva // Dis. d. m. n.- 1987.- 357 s.
    24. Lovsaund E. E. Temperature changes in contact lenses in connection with radiation from infrared heaters / Lovsaund E. E., Nilsson S. E. G., Oberg P A. // Scand. J. work environ.- health.- 1979.
    25. Moss M. G. Infrared chemi-luminescence investigation of the reactions of methyl radicals with oxygen and fluorine / Moss M. G., Hadgens J. W., McDonald J. D. // J.Chem. Phys.- 1980.- No 8.- p. 3486-3489.
    26. Serra A. Occupational aspect of chronic light damage / Serra A., Mascia C. // Atti Fonduz J. Ronchi.- 1983.- V. 38, No. 2-3.- P 215-219.
    27. Sposob prognozirovaniya nachal'noy vozrastnoy katarakty / Puchkovskaya N. A., Leus N. F., Metelitsyna I. P. [i dr.].- Byul. No 26.- 1990.
    28. Ostrovskiy M. A. Opasnost' povrezhdayushchego deystviya sveta na struktury glaza. Khrustalik kak yestestvennyy svetofil'tr i ob"yekt fotopovrezhdeniya / Ostrovskiy M. A., Fedorovich I. B., Yenchaninov V. V. // Sensornyye sistemy.- 1994.- No 3-4.- S. 135-146.
    29. Moccaldi R, Grandi C G Ital Med Lav Ergon.- 2011.- Apr-Jun; V. 33 (2).- P 134-48. Fitness of workers with particular sensitivity to non-ionizing radiation.
    30. Jankowska E., Kondej D., Posniak M. Med Pr.- 2003.- V. 54 (5).- P 437-44.[ Subjective evaluation of the work environment quality in offices].