You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.


Sokolova M. P.


SI "Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. Working conditions in production are defined by quantitative characteristics of harmful factors, which can adversely affect workers’ health. One of such widely-spread factors is a chemical one, with which hundreds of thousands workers are in contacts. It is known that work under the influence of chemical substances is a risk factor, damaging the workers’ health, and provoking development of occupational diseases.

Purpose. To analyze occupational morbifity, caused by chemical substances in Ukraine, over 2000-2014 period.

Materials and methods. The data of 2177 "Cards for recording occupational diseases (poisonings)" have been analyzed, covering diagnoses on occupational diseases of chemical origin, sex and age of patients, experience of work in hazardous conditions, factors causing occupational diseases of chemical etiology, and circumstances thereafter.

Results. It has been revealed that occupational diseases of chemical origin are recorded in almost all kinds of economic activity, which is associated with a wide range of industries and using various chemicals, ranging from 0,9 to 5,7 % of the total number of annually defined occupational diseases. The largest share in the structure of chemical pathology is taken by respiratory diseases (17,5–75,6 %); acute intoxications up to 3,9–40,8 %; chronic intoxications – 5,9–20,0 %; cancer diseases – 4,4–14,1 %; trynitrotoluol cataract – 0,7–10,5 %; skin diseases –1,0–8,3 %. Occupational diseases of chemical etiology are recorded both in men and women. In 87–93 % cases the age of victims from chemical factors is 25–45 years, and work experience in hazardous conditions in 65–70 % cases makes 10–20 years. The imperfect technology and construction of devices (28–33 %), use of highly toxic substances (22–31 %), insufficiently effective operation of ventilation systems (12–15 %), imperfect or lack of personal protective equipment (15–20 %), violation of safety regulations (15–20 %) affect the formation of occupational pathology of chemical etiology. Also, high sensitivity of workers to selected chemicals should be taken into account.

Conclusion. Chemical pathology makes not a significant part in the general occupational morbidity, but its consequences can significantly affect employees. Therefore, in modern condictions, despite lack of appropriate financing for health protection and due to worsening health care of the working population, it is necessary to pay attention to important factors, which influence the development and prevention of occupational diseases, caused by chemical substances, to improve detection, diagnostics and recording of occupational diseases of chemical origin, sanitary-hygienic and engineering-technical control over working conditions.

Key words: occupational pathology of chemical genesis, chemical substances, harmful and dangerous work conditions


  1. Kundiev, Y. I., Nagorna, A. M. 2007, Occupational health in Ukraine. epidemiological analysis. Kyiv : Avicenna, 396 p. (in Russian).
  2. Bakirov, A. V., Valeyeva, E. T., Mukhammadiyeva, G. F. [et al.]. 2014, “Peculiarities of laboratory indices in workers of chemical production with skin occupational diseases”, Bulletin of the East Siberian Scientific Center, no. 3 (97), pp. 14–18 (in Russian).
  3. Kundiev, Y. I., Trakhtenberg, I. M. 2004, “Chemical danger in Ukraine and measures for its prevention”, J. of Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, no. 2, pp. 259– 267 (in Russian).
  4. Aleksandrova, L. G. 2011, “To the problem of hygienic control of the work environment polluted by chemicals”, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 1 (25), pp. 71–81 (in Ukrainian).
  5. Tarasova, N. I., Kozlov, V. I. 2012, “Methodical and methodological problems of work protection and industrial safety”, Bulletin of Kuzbass State Technical University, no. 3 (91), pp. 120–124 (in Russian).
  6. Kornuta, N. O., Zhminko, P. G. 2010, “The impact of pesticides on the pregnant body and fetal development. The relationship between toxicity of a pregnant women and embryo/fetotoxicity ( a literature review)”, Modern problems of toxicology, no. 2–3, pp. 24–28 (in Ukrainian).
  7. Jurewicz, J. 2008, “Prenatal and childhood exposure to pesticides and neurobehavioral development: review of epidemiological studies”, Int. J. Occup. Environ. Med. Health, v. 21, no. 2, pp. 121–132.
  8. Vostrikova E. A., Bagrova O.V., Kuznetsova O.V. 2005, “The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in workers of chemical industry”, Meditsina truda, no. 9, pp. 13–17 (in Russian).
  9. Gnelitskii, G., I., Kaurov, Y. V., Andryukhin, V. I., Artemenko, A. G. 2011, “Peculiarities of modern types of occupational diseases of the nervous system of chemical etiology”, Electronic collection of scientific papers "Health and education in the XXI century", no. 9 (v. 13), pp. 426–427 (in Russian).
  10. Valeyeva, E. T., Bakirov, A. B., Rarimova, L. K., Galimova, R. R. 2010, “Occupational diseases and intoxic ations, developing in workers of petrochemical plants in modern conditions”, Human Ecology, no. 3, pp. 19–23 [in Russian].
  11. Bakirov A. B., Badamshina B. D., Gimranova G. G., Valeyeva E. T. 2015, “The state of health of workers in petrochemical production”, Scientific Journal "ScienceRise, no. 1/3 (6), pp. 37–41 (in Russian).
  12. Lanin, D. V., Dolgikh, O. V., Zemlianova, A. V. 2013, “Peculiarities of laboratory indices of immune and neuroendocrine systems in females, exposed to production of chemical factors”, Bulletin of Perm State University, Issue 1, pp. 67–70 (in Russian]).
  13. Parfyonova, M. A., Babkina, V. I., Silina, L. V., Shekhovtsova, N. A. 2008, “Occupational skin diseases in a dermatologist’s clinic”, Modern high­capacity scientific technologies, no. 7, pp. 35 (in Russian).
  14. Varyvonchyk, D. V. 2013, “Development of the national system of occupational cancer prevention in Ukraine”, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 4 (37), pp. 35–46 (in Ukrainian).
  15. Kundiev, Y., Nagorna, A. М., Varyvonchyk, D. 2008. Occupational cancer: epidemiology and prevention. Kyiv : Naukova Dumka, 336 p. (in Ukrainian).
  16. Pomytkina, T. E. 2006, “Hygienic characteristics of work conditions in production of nitrogen compounds”, Bulletin of Eastern Siberian Scientific Center, no. 3 (49), pp. 60–62 (in Russian).