4(41) 2014

DOI xxxxxxxx

Basanets А.V.1, Shydlovskaya Т.А.2, Gvozdetsky V.A.1


1SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kiev
2SI «Institute of Otolaryngology named after Prof. Kolomijchenko of NAMS of Ukraine», Kiev

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. Sensorineural deafness (SD) is one of the most spread diseases of ear, nose and throat (ENT). In spite of mul-tiple publications, regarding this problem, the problem of diagnostics of these diseases is still rather conflicting and not enough elucidated, covering also the problem of treatment. However, national and foreign researchers are convinced that it is very difficult to treat patients with SD diseases and that the effectiveness of the therapy is insufficient. Irrespective that the main¬tenance of the hearing function is needed in the modern society both for occupational activity and for realization of social and communicative relations, high per cent of disability disorders in such diseases is recorded (including occupational senso¬rineural deafness and deafness) in able to work age. So, the problem of search for new ways of earlier diagnostics, effective treatment and prevention of sensorineural deafness is of not only medical, but socio-economic significance.
Purpose. To analyze the prevalence of SD and to define diagnostic values of methods of earlier diagnostics and preventing its development.
Results. The analysis of morbidity of occupational SD was conducted among workers of main branches of industry of Ukraine. The problem of diagnostics of earlier stages of diseases is under discussion.

Key words: occupational sensorineural deafness, noise, diagnostics, prevention


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