You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.


Andrushchenko T. A., Basanets A. V.

Production factors of chemical and physical etiology in modern coal industry in ukraine: their impact on development of work-related pathology. Presentation 1st

SI "Institute for Occupational Health of the NAMS of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. Analysis of the literature data showed that in the process of coal production a large number of production factors of physical and chemical origin affects the state of heath of workers, which can cause susceptibility to developing occupational pathology.

Purpose of the study. To analyze and summarize the literature data on main work factors of chemical and physical etiology of natural and technogenic origin.

Materials and methods. An analytical review of scientific publications has been made with the use of databases of scientific libraries and the textual database of medical and biological publications in Pub Med.

Results. Chemical and physical factors at work places in coal mining industry have been analyzed. The problems of mechanisms of individual susceptibility and resistance of workers in coal mines to adverse and harmful factors have been discussed. Conclusion. The results of many – year studying, conducted in Ukraine and in some developed countries, confirm the growth of negative impact of unfavorable factors on the health of workers and increase the rates of work-related pathology. The search for new preventive measures by determining an individual susceptibility to developing work-related pathology in workers of coal mines in Ukraine remains to be of extreme importance.

Key words: coal industry, chemical production factors, physical production factors, individual susceptibility


  1. Baranov, V. S., Аilamazyan, E. K. 2001, ”New molecular – genetic approaches to prevention, diagnostics and treatment of hereditary and multifactorial diseases”, Med Akad. Zhurnal, v. 1,no. 3. pp. 33–44 (in Russian).
  2. Zаkhаrоv, Е. P., Leipikhov, A. G., Freidman S. L. 1996, “Evaluation of ventilation, gas and thermal regimes in coal mines in Ukraine”, Ugol Ukrainy, no. 10–11, pp. 3–11 (in Russian).
  3. Кuzmina, L. P. 2004, “Genomics and proteomics in studies of occupational health”, Medico-ecological problems of workers' health, no. 2, pp. 25–30 (in Russian).
  4. Kundiyev, Y. I., Nahorna, A. M. 2005, "Occupational morbidity in Ukraine in a long-term survey", Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 1, pp. 3-11 (in Ukrainian).
  5. Кundiyev, Y. I. 2002, Occupational medicine – a fifty year experience. Kyiv : Аvicenna, 672 p. (in Russian).
  6. Methodical recommendations on assessment and control of sanitary safety for miners by main physical (energetic) factors, 1990. Donetsk SR Institute, 23 p. (in Russian).
  7. Мukhin, V. V., Perederiy, G. S., Kharkovenko, N. M. 2003, “Level, structure and dynamics of the combined types of occupational diseases in miners of coal mines in Donetsk region”, Med. truda i prom. ekologiya, no. 6, pp. 11–13. (in Russian).
  8. Mukhin, V. V., Perederiy, G. S. 2006, "Improvement of sanitary and hygienic monitoring of the effect of unfavourable factors of industrial environment and the working process on workers", Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, no. 1, pp. 54-61 (in Ukrainian).
  9. Мukhin, V. V. 2002, Occupational medicine in coal industry. Donetsk, 204 p. (in Russian).
  10. Pishchikov, V. A., Lubyanova, I. P. 1999, “Occupational morbidity in Ukraine (the dynamics over the last 10 years, reasons for formation) and ways to preserve occupational health in the population”, Gigiyena truda, Collection of papers, v. 30, pp. 13–23 (in Russian).
  11. Polonikov, A. V. 2006, Polymorphism of enzyme genes of xenobiotics biotransformation and their combined effect on susceptibility to multifactorial diseases: Abstract of thesis for the degree of Doctor of medical sciences: specialty 03.00.15 "Genetics", Моscow, 24 p. (in Russian).
  12. Sоldak, I. I., Maksimovich, V. A. 1988, “Comprehensive assessment of mine microclimate”, Ugol Ukrainy, no. 12, pp. 3–4 (in Russian).
  13. Sudakov, K. V. 1997, “Systemic evaluation of human physiological functions at workplace”, Vesnik of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, no. 4, pp.18–24 (in Russian).
  14. Umanskiy, V. Y., Lastkov, D. O., Partas, O. V. [et al.]. 1999, “Evaluation of the radiation factor in coal mines and its impact on the health of miners”, Vestnik of hygiene and epidemiology, v. 3, no. 2. pp. 126–130 (in Russian).
  15. Chernyuk,V. I., Vitte, P. N., Meniaylo N. I. 2000, “The criteria of occupational risks as the basis for improvement of the hygienic classification of work”, Zdorov’ya ta dovkillya, no. 2, pp. 49–53 (in Russian).
  16. Alessio, L., Crippa, M., Porru, S. 2006, “From clinical activities to didactics and research in occupational medicine”, Med. Lav., v. 97, no. 2, pp. 393–401.
  17. Borm, P. J., Tran, L. 2002, “From quartz hazard to quartz risk: the coal mines revisited”, Ann. Occup. Hyg. v. 46, no. 1, pp. 25–32.
  18. Izmerov, N. F., Kuzmina, L. P., Tarasova, L. A. 2002, “Genetic and biochemical criteria for individual sensitivity in development of occupational bronchopulmonary diseases”, Cent. Eur. J. Public Health, v. 10, no. l (2). pp. 35–41.
  19. Liu, W. W., Jiang, C. Q., Zhang, W. S. 2005, “Analysis of the situation of occupational health surveillance and the morbidity of occupational diseases in Guangzhou”, Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi, v. 23, no. 4. pp. 263–266.