You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.

Peculiarities of changes of psychophysiological indicators in workers of the government military mine-rescue (emergency rescue) services during day and night12-hour duties

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.16, No 3, 2020

Peculiarities of changes of psychophysiological indicators in workers of the government military mine-rescue (emergency rescue) services during day and night12-hour duties

Kudiievskyi Ya. V., Soloviov O. I.

State Institution “Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kyiv


Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. Rescuers who directly engaged in actions related to rescuing miners, irefighting, eliminating the consequences of explosions, sudden emissions at mining enterprises, work in specific atypical working conditions. The control of the degree of emotional stress in mine rescuers at workplaces is performed during certification of workplaces and psychophysiological examination according to certain indicators. The problem of studying the dynamics of some psychophysiological indicators in main workers of mine rescue services in the inter-accidental period in the regime of day and night shifts during the service remains urgent.

The purpose of the study is to determine the peculiarities of changes of psychophysiological indicators in workers of mine rescue (emergency rescue) services, depending on the mode of operation: day / night duty.

Materials and methods of research. The hygienic assessment of the degree of neuro-emotional stress in mine rescuers was made by the intensity of the work process based on the results of certification of 62 workplaces of main employees of the paramilitary mine rescue detachments. The psychophysiological state of the rescuers was studied using subjective methods: the SAN test (well-being, activity and mood), and the scale of reactive (situational) anxiety according to C. Spielberger - Y. Khanin  210 respondents in total) at the beginning and at the end of the day and night 12 - hour shifts.

Results. It is found that, in general, during day and night shifts, the psychophysiological state of mine rescuers worsens according to the indicators of the SAN test, and the level of reactive anxiety increases at the end of shifts (statistical significance), especially after night shifts.

Conclusions. After a 12-hour day and night duty, the functional state of  rescuers worsens, manifested as the changes in subjective psychophysiological indicators - decrease in the assessments of well-being, activity and mood with predominant changes in mood assessments at the end of the shift, and increase in the level of reactive anxiety. The functional state of the body by indices of the emotional load during night shifts in mine rescuers is associated with more pronounced, compared with daytime shifts, adverse effects, which is manifested by a significant decrease in SAN indicators and higher values ​​of reactive anxiety indicators.

Key words: mine rescuers, functional state, reactive anxiety, indicators of health, activity and mood.



  1. Golinko, V. I, Smolanov, S. M., Gryadushchy, B. A. (2014), Osnovy hirnychoryatuvalʹnoyi spravy [Fundamentals of mining rescue], National Mining University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
  2. Report on the results of the audit on the effectiveness of using the state budget funds allocated for mining rescue measures and measures for labor protection and safety at coal mining enterprise, Approved by the decision of the Accounting Chamber of March 10, 2020, 5-2, available at:
  3. Danylova, S. V. (2015), “Psychological features of evaluation of emergency situations by specialists of the State Paramilitary Mountain Rescue Service of Ukraine”, Abstract of dissertation for the degree of сandidate of psychological sciences (doctor of philosophy), University of Civil Defense of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
  4. Ryadynska, E. M. (2011), “Professiographic analysis of the activity of experts of the State Paramilitary Mine Service of Ukraine”, Abstract of dissertation for the degree of сandidate of psychological sciences (doctor of philosophy), Nat. University of Civil Defense of Ukraine, Kharkiv,
  5. Gorgo, Yu. P., Malikov, N. V., Bogdanovskaja, N. V. (2005),
    Otsinka ta keruvannya funktsionalʹnymy stanamy lyudyny [Assessment and management of human functional states], Zaporizhzhia National University, Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine.
  6. Karelin, A. A. (2002), Psikhologicheskiye testy [Psychological tests], (ed. Karelin A.A.), Vlados, Moscow, Russia.
  7. Bodrov, V. A. (2012), “Modern ideas about the feeling of fatigue in 0ccupational activity”, Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 33 (2), 23-34.
  8. Grinevich, E. G. (2008), “Psychotherapy, psychoprophylaxis and correction of victims with mental disorders due to emergencies”, Abstract of dissertation for the degree of doctor of medical sciences, Ukr. scientific research Institute of Social and Forensic Psychiatry and Addiction, Kiev, Ukraine.
  9. Krauze, T. M. (2008), “Rhythms in psychology: circadian rhythms of the functional states (SAN test) in human ontogenesis”, Pedagogika, psikhologiya i mediko-biologicheskiye problemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya i sporta, 2, 77-
  10. Doskin, V. A., Lavrentieva, N. A., Miroshnikov, M. P., Sphere, V. B. (1973), “Differentiated self-assessment test of the functional state”, Voprosy psikhologii, 6, 141–145.
  11. Moiseenko, E. V., Milinevsky, G. P., Pyshnov, G. Yu. (2003), “Social-physiology conditions at Antarctic station and their influence on the expedition members’ health”, Actual Problems of Psychology, 7 (1), 286-294.
  12. Tsarkova, О. V., Radchenko, S. V. (2015), “Theoretical aspects of manifestation of the anxiety psychological phenomenon”, Actual Problems of Psychology, 38 (7), 479-491.
  13. Profilaktyka posttravmatychnykh stresovykh rozladiv: psykholohichni aspekty [Prevention of post-traumatic stress disorders: psychological aspects] (2014), (Eds. Romanovskaya, D. D., Ilashchuk, A. V.), Tekhnodruk, Chernivtsi, Ukraine.
  14. Dermanova, I. B. (2002), Diagnostika emotsional'no-nravstvennogo razvitiya [Diagnosis of emotional and moral development], Rech, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  15. Kots, Y. M. (2018), “Psychological features of cognitive-behavioral strategies in individuals with social anxiety”, Dissertation for the degree of сandidate of psychological sciences (doctor of philosophy), Eastern European Nat. Univ. named after Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk, Ukraine.
  16. Kolesnikova, G., I. (2019), Metodologiya psikhologo-pedagogicheskikh issledovaniy [Methodology of psychological and pedagogical research],Uright, Moscow, Russia.
  17. Mirnaya, E. V., Valutsina, V. M., Kondakova, N. Yu., Velichko, M. M. (2008), “Results of studies on the psychoemotional state inmine rescuers”, Actual Problems of Transport Medicine, 2, 56-60.