Hygiene and Ecology Institute of Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv
Introduction. In recent decades all over the world among cases of occupational diseases in agricultural workers chemical poisoning have made up to half of all cases. So, the risk assessment of occupational effect of pesticides in recent years has become an obligatory part in the hygienic research of working conditions.
The aim of the study was a comparative hygienic risk assessment of application of various pesticide formulations on agricultural crops, calculated with the use of various methodological approaches.
Materials and methods. The working conditions with application of the examined preparations (rod, fan and knapsack treatments) were studied and evaluated by the specialists of the Hygiene and Ecology Institute of Bogomolets National Medical University. The statistical processing of the results was made using the package of statistical programs IBM SPSS Statistics Base v. 22 and MS Excel 2016.
Results. The received results show very low levels of pollution of industrial environment objects, which can be explained by sufficiently low rates of intake of the mentioned substances. It has been established that potential risks of their harmful effects on the body of patients on their intake through the respiratory tract and the skin is admissible when keeping to hygienic and agrotechnical requirements (does not exceed 1).
Conclusion. A reliable correlation was established between the dermal (r = 0.469–0.958) and inhalation risk (r = 0.589–1.0) values, when calculated with the use of different models.
Key words: pesticides, working conditions, occupational risk
E. P. Vavrinevich (ORCID ID 0000-0002-4134-346X) - calculation of risk for workers when using the studied pesticide preparations according to three different methods: developed by the Federal Research Center for Hygiene named after F. F. Erisman; developed at the Scientific Center for Preventive Toxicology, Food and Chemical Safety named after L.I. Medved; as well as the methodology developed in 1992 in Berlin. Carrying out statistical processing of the data;
Antonenko AN . Review of literature on the topic of work;
Omelchuk S. T. (ORCID ID 0000-0003-3678-4241) - hygienic assessment of the results (risk assessment). Comparative assessment of the risk values obtained in the calculation using different methods. Formation of conclusions.