3(40) 2014

DOI xxxxxxxx

Orekhova O., Pavlenko A.

РROBLEMS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND OCCUPATIONAL PATHOLOGY IN CONVENTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION

Ukrainian scientific-research Institute of industrial medicine, Kryvyj Rig

Full article (PDF), UKR 

Background. The International Labour Organization (ILO) takes an active part in resolving issues of labour hygiene and pro-fessional pathology. Activities in this sphere are aimed at solution of problems of preservation of life and health of employees in their labour activity, covering, also, legal, socio-economic, organizational-technical, sanitary-hygienic, preventive, reha-bilitation and other measures.
Purpose of the study. Studying and generalization of the data of the world literature and formation of occupational health and occupational pathology in Ukraine, implementation of the basic principles of the ILO.
Materials and methods. Analytical review of scientific publications and databases of international labour standards.
Results. The work on harmonization of approaches to occupational medicine with due account of international concepts and norms is actively going on in Ukraine. The theory of assessment and occupational risk management is the basis of develop-ment of the occupational risk management. The assessment and occupational risk management is directed at analysis and definition of the state of health of workers, establishing cause-effect relations in work conditions, based on the information on risks of a subject, including actions on occupational risk management. The implementation of modern types of energy, nano-technologies, chemicals, synthetic materials in industry and agriculture as well as work intensification, growth of information loads promote developing new types of occupational diseases. The problems of health protection of the working population are the most important problems of occupational medicine and health promotion. The structure and level of occupational and work-related pathology is in the direct relation on harmful and dangerous factors of the work environment and work pro-cesses, able to fully reflect of the state of production. Also, occupational morbidity makes it possible to reflect the quality of medical care. The national strategy of work protection aims at: provision of the constitutional rights of workers to safe and healthy work conditions, development of the effective system for prevention of work-related accidents and occupational dis-eases; reducing losses in the economy of Ukraine as a result of occupational accidents, diseases, disability, resulting in losses of the professionally trained staff, creating proper conditions for providing innovation economic development and availability of healthy, productive and professional personnel; creation of proper guarantees of social protection for those suffered at work, including their families. The strategy provides for the need of legislative implementation of the European standards and the requirements of the Conventions of the International Labour Organization in the practice of work protection management. Conclusion. The development of the national system on occupational health, adapted to international standards and require-ments, could affect the health promotion of the working population in Ukraine, solution of demographic problems, improving the quality of the national resources, increasing work intensity, which is the most important for the national development.


Key words: occupational health, occupational pathology, occupational diseases

References

  1. Occupational pathology (Manual). 2001, (Eds. N. F Izmerov). Moskow: GEOTAR-Media, 784 p. (in Russian).
  2. Work conditions of employees in 2009: Statistical bulletin. 2009. Derzhstat Ukrainy, Kyiv, 22 p. (in Ukrainian).
  3. Basanets, A. V., Lubyanova, I. P, Timoshina, D. P. 2008, «Occupational morbidity in Ukraine», Okhorona pratsi, no. 10, pp. 39-42 (in Ukrainian).
  4. Kundiev, Y. I., Nahorna, A. M., Chernyuk, V. I. 2007, «Occupational health in Ukraine», Okhorona pratsi, no. 11, pp. 37-40 (in Ukrainian).
  5. Kundiev, Y. I., Nahorna, A. M. 2005, «Occupational morbidity in Ukraine within a long-term supervision», Ukr. J. Occup. Health, no. 1, pp. 3-11 (in Ukrainian).
  6. Kundiev, Y. I., Krasnyuk, E. P., Gvozdenko, L. A., Yershova, M. A. 1999, «State of occupational morbidity in Ukraine in the modern period», Vrachebnoye delo, no. 5, pp. 146-149 (in Russian).
  7. Karnaukh, M. G., Bednarik, O. M., Krivoshiy, L. O. 2003, «Socio-hygienic characteristics of the state of health of workers in the metallurgical industry of Krivbass», Medico-social examination and rehabilitation of disabled people: collection of scientific papers, Iss. 32, pp. 75-77. Dniprepetrovsk: Porogi (in Ukrainian).
  8. Chernyuk, V. I. Vitte, P M. 2005, «Assessment of health risks and their management as a problem of occupational medicine», Ukr. J. Occup. Health, no. 1, pp. 47-53 (in Ukrainian).
  9. Gazimova, V. G., Roslaya, N. A., Zhovtyak, E. P 2007, «Actual problems of preliminary, periodic and additional medical examinations of employees working in harmful and (or) dangerous conditions, depending on occupational risk factors», Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya, no. 3, pp. 11-14 (in Russian).
  10. «Structure of the national strategy of work safety for 2011-2020», 2011, Okhorona pratsi, no. 3, pp. 33-35 (in Ukrainian).
  11. Denisov, E. I., Mazitova, E. N., Shemetova, M. B. 2011, «ILO plan of actions (2010-2016) on work protection and occupational medicine and a new list of occupational diseases», Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya, no. 3, pp. 7-10 (in Russian).
  12. ILO Convention. A database on international labour standards ILOLEX. 2013, http://www.ilo.org/ global/lang--en/index.htm.
  13. http://www.ilo.org/safework / lang-en/index. htm. 2009. ILO report: meeting of experts on revision of the List of Occupational Diseases (Recommendation № 194): ILO - Geneva. 13 p.