Orekhova O., Pavlenko A.
Ukrainian scientific-research Institute of industrial medicine, Kryvyj Rig
Background. The International Labour Organization (ILO) takes an active part in resolving issues of labour hygiene and professional pathology. Activities in this sphere are aimed at solution of problems of preservation of life and health of employees in their labour activity, covering, also, legal, socio-economic, organizational-technical, sanitary-hygienic, preventive, rehabilitation and other measures.
Purpose of the study. Studying and generalization of the data of the world literature and formation of occupational health and occupational pathology in Ukraine, implementation of the basic principles of the ILO.
Materials and methods. Analytical review of scientific publications and databases of international labour standards.
Results. The work on harmonization of approaches to occupational medicine with due account of international concepts and norms is actively going on in Ukraine. The theory of assessment and occupational risk management is the basis of development of the occupational risk management. The assessment and occupational risk management is directed at analysis and definition of the state of health of workers, establishing cause-effect relations in work conditions, based on the information on risks of a subject, including actions on occupational risk management. The implementation of modern types of energy, nano-technologies, chemicals, synthetic materials in industry and agriculture as well as work intensification, growth of information loads promote developing new types of occupational diseases. The problems of health protection of the working population are the most important problems of occupational medicine and health promotion. The structure and level of occupational and work-related pathology is in the direct relation on harmful and dangerous factors of the work environment and work processes, able to fully reflect of the state of production. Also, occupational morbidity makes it possible to reflect the quality of medical care. The national strategy of work protection aims at: provision of the constitutional rights of workers to safe and healthy work conditions, development of the effective system for prevention of work-related accidents and occupational dis-eases; reducing losses in the economy of Ukraine as a result of occupational accidents, diseases, disability, resulting in losses of the professionally trained staff, creating proper conditions for providing innovation economic development and availability of healthy, productive and professional personnel; creation of proper guarantees of social protection for those suffered at work, including their families. The strategy provides for the need of legislative implementation of the European standards and the requirements of the Conventions of the International Labour Organization in the practice of work protection management.
Conclusion. The development of the national system on occupational health, adapted to international standards and requirements, could affect the health promotion of the working population in Ukraine, solution of demographic problems, improving the quality of the national resources, increasing work intensity, which is the most important for the national development.
Key words: occupational health, occupational pathology, occupational diseases