You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.

SALTS AS A SUBJECT OF HYGIENIC RATING FOR THE WORKING ZONE AIR

1(25) 2011

DOI xxxxxxxx

Korshun M. M.1, Krasnokutskaya L. M.2

SALTS AS A SUBJECT OF HYGIENIC RATING FOR THE WORKING ZONE AIR

1 Hygienic regulation Committee Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Kiev
2 SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kiev

Full article (PDF), RUS

An analysis of the class of inorganic salts as a subject of sanitary and toxicological assessment and hygienic rating for the working zone air is presented in the paper, conducted with due account of the biological part of both cation and anion and their ability to make complexes. The toxicity of a substance in general is decreased in the raw of soft-amphoteric (intermediate)- hard cations (Lewis acids), though, there is no strict parallelism. The prevailing effect of the cation in salt toxicity can be used as a basis for hygienic rating of this group. A particular place of amphoteric Lewis acids (many of them — Fe2+, Cu2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Zn2+ are microelements), which easily react with ligands of all types.

Key words: salts, cations and anions, complexes, hygienic standards, working zone air

References

    1. Zahalna khimiya: pidruchnyk; za red. O. A. Holuba.- K.: Vyshcha shkola, 2006.- 471 s.
    2. Korshun M. N. K teorii i praktike gruppovogo reglamentirovaniya vrednykh veshchestv v vozdukhe rabochey zony (na primere neorganicheskikh soyedineniy) / M. N. Korshun // Sovr. probl. toksikol.- 2006.- No 3.- S.77-81.
    3. Korshun M. N. Rol' aniona v toksicheskom deystvii neorganicheskikh rtut'soderzhashchikh veshchestv / M. N. Korshun // Farmakol. i toksikol.- K.: Zdoro- v'ya,1998.- Vyp. 23.- S. 106-110.
    4. Korshun M. N. Sovremennyye tendentsii gigiyenicheskogo normirovaniya vrednykh veshchestv v vozdukhe rabochey zony (obzor literatury) / M. N. Korshun // Ukr. zhurn. z probl. med. pratsí.- 2006.- No 3 (7).- S.71-76.
    5. Levina E. M. Obshchaya toksikologiya metallov / E. M. Levina.- M.: Meditsina, Leningradskoye otd., 1972.- 184 s.
    6. Levina E. M. O toksichnosti nekotorykh galogenidov Sur'my / E. M. Levina, M. P. Chekunova // Gig. tr. i prof. zabolev.- 1964.- No 7.- S.25-31.
    7. Neorganicheskaya biokhimiya: pod red. G. Eykhgorna; per.s angl.- M., “Mir”, 1978.- T.1.- 712 s.
    8. Sanotskiy I. V. Issledovaniye toksichnosti soyedineniy talliya (karbonata, iodida i bromida talliya) / I. V. Sanotskiy // Toksikol. nov. prom. veshchestv.- M.: Meditsina, 1961, - Vyp. 2.- S. 94-104.
    9. Khimicheskaya entsiklopediya.- M.: NI “Bol'shaya Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya”, 1995.- T. 4.- S. 744-746.
    10. Chekunova M. P. Sovremennyye predstavleniya o biologicheskom deystvii metallov / M. P. Chekunova, A. D. Frolova // Gig. i san.- 1986.- No 12.- S.18 -21.