1(38) 2014

DOI xxxxxxxx

Basanets A.V.1, Ostapenko T. A.1, Cherkesov V. V.2


1SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv
2SE «Sci.-Res. Institute of medico-ecological problems in Donbass and mining industry», Donetsk

Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. Over the last decade the increase of cases of sudden death (SD) at work place and “rejuvenation” of the contin-gent of suddenly dead was marked. Cardiovascular diseases is the main reason of the sudden death. In spite of development and improvement of new technologies for diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular diseases the problem of the sudden cardiac death, even in the developed countries remained to be unsolved. By the WHO data SCD at work place makes 7 %. Among persons, died as a result of SD, young persons aged before 35, take a significant part, and among the reasons these are sudden physical or psycho-emotional strain.
Purpose of the study was to establish the prevalence of SD at workplace in different occupational groups and specificity of its occurrence, depending on work conditions and type of work.
Results. The data on the prevalence of SD at workplace in Ukraine are laid down in the article. The studies showed that in 2012 in Ukraine 966 cases of SD at workplace was recorded, making 5,3 per 100 000 working population and 14,1 per 100 000 population, working in harmful conditions. The analysis of cases of SD depending on sex, age and work experience showed that almost 95% cases referred to males; their average age was 50-60 and the work experience — more than 30 years. The majority of cases of SD at workplace were recorded in Dnepropetrovsk and Kiev oblasts, reaching from 10,76 % to 15,8 % in the structure of the general mortality. Also, the analysis covered cases of SD at workplace according to branches of industry, among them socio-cultural sphere took the principle place — 33 %, transport — 15 %, machine building and metal¬lurgical — 14 %, coal mining and minerals industry — 9,3 %. SD cases at workplace in miners of underground mines have been analyzed in detail, where work conditions are characterized by exposures to physical and emotional strain, overheating and, so, can exert unfavorable effect on the blood-circulation system and result in fatal consequences. Measures for prevent¬ing SD at work place have been proposed.

Key words: sudden death, sudden cardiac death, sudden death at workplace


  1. Sakai, A. 1990, «Sudden deaths among male employees: a six-year epidemiological survey», J. Cardiol, Vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 957-961.
  2. Brettel, H. F., Drewniok, K. 1994, «Sudden cardiac death and occupational activity», Versicherungsmedizin, Vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 15-17.
  3. Robinson, C. C., Kuller, L. H., Perper J. 1988, «An epidemiologic study of sudden death at work in an industrial country in 1979 -1982», Am. J. Epidemiol, Vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 806-820.
  4. Faisal, A. 2003, «Causes of radiologists' death: a survey of 400 cases in the literature», Radiat. Med., Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 108-111.
  5. Kawamura, T., Kondo, H. 1999, «Sudden death in the working population: a collaborative study in central Japan», Eur. Heart J., Vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 338-343.
  6. Osava, M., Yukawa, N. 1998, «Sudden death in driving: case studies in the western area of Kanagawa», Nihon Hoigakawasshi, pp. 315-318.
  7. Hobbesland, A., Thelle, D. S. 1997, «Mortality from cardiovascular diseases and sudden death in ferroalloy plants», Scand. J. Work Environ. Health, Vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 334-341.
  8. Hiyama, T., Yoshhara, M. 2008, «New occupational threats to Japanese physicians: karoshi (death due to overwork) and karoji satsu (suicide due to overwork) », J. Occup. Environ. Med., Vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 428-429.
  9. Cherkesov, V. V. 1997, Prevalence, risk factors and pathomorphological peculiarities of the sudden death in miners. Cardio-vascular diseases in miners, Donetsk: Donbass, pp. 57-80 ( in Russian).
  10. Cherkesov, V. V., Kobets, G. P., Kopytina, R. A. et. al. 1983, «Occupational aspect of the sudden cardiac deathK in coal miners», Vrachebnoye delo, no 9, pp. 84-87 ( in Russian).
  11. Kopytina, R. A., Cherkesov, V. V., Kobets, G. P. 1993, «Prevalence and pathomorphological peculiarities in development of the sudden coronary death in coal miners», Therapevticheskiy arkhiv, no 9, pp. 41-43 ( in Russian)..