ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.15, No 1, 2019
ToxicologICAL-hygienic INVESTIGATIONS OF NEW PESTICIDES FROM THE POSITION OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT
State Institution “Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kyiv
Full article (PDF), ENG
Introduction. The increase in the range of plant protection products necessitates the creation of highly reliable methods of hygienic evaluation of working conditions and potential risks as a tool for monitoring inhalation and dermal exposure.
Purpose of the study - analytical assessment of scientific developments in toxicological and hygienic research of pesticides, methodological approaches to definition of occupational risk and improvement of practice of their use in Ukraine.
Materials and methods. Standards, sanitary norms, other normative documents of the national legislation, regulating the safe use of pesticides; international standards and legislation of the European Union (EU) on pesticide risk assessment and a procedure of approval of their placing on the market of plant protection products. The theoretical methods of scientific research in the field of toxicology and safe use of pesticides, analytical estimation of modern approaches to definition of occupational risk, registration of pesticides and improvement of practice of their use in Ukraine have been used in this work.
Results. In order to prevent harmful effects of pesticides on the human health, living organisms and the environment in each country, strict legal restrictions were introduced on their application. The procedure for registration of plant protection products is a matter of national security and should be solved at the state level. All drugs that are used should be thoroughly checked on compliance with the basic principles of protection against toxic effects of pesticides, namely: preventive sanitary supervision, distance protection, time protection, dose protection, risk assessment, mechanical protection means.
Conclusions. The fulfilment of the terms of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union provides for a set of measures for adaptation and implementation of the national regulatory framework in accordance with European legislation. Scientific developments in the study of peculiarities of pesticide effect on humans and the environment highlights the main task of occupational health - an objective quantitative assessment of working conditions, justification of safe levels of pesticide content in industrial facilities and development of methodological approaches to occupational risk assessment, taking into account the international, European and national experience.
Keywords: pesticides, toxicological and hygienic assessment, prediction of occupational risk, normative-legal provision.
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ORCID ID of author of the paper:
Yastrub T.A. (0000-0002-5084-3773)