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Accidents at work in wartime: differences of investigation, accounting and registration

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.19, No 1, 2023


https://doi.org/10.33573/ujoh2023.01.003

Accidents at work in wartime: differences of investigation, accounting and registration

Nagorna A.M.1, Radionov M.O.2, Bocharova O.B.3
1State Institution "Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"
2State Labour Service of Ukraine
3District state administration, Kyiv


Full article (PDF): ENG / UKR

Introduction. Occupational health reflects socio-economic changes in society, the formation of the country's labor potential, the quality of life and working conditions of the population. All over the world, occupational diseases, occupational accidents (OA) are the main cause of work-related mortality. According to ILO estimates, about 2.3 million people die each year as a result of workplace accidents or work-related diseases - an average of 6,000 people every day. Worldwide, more than 340 million accidents at work are registered annually. In recent years, a gradual decrease in occupational injuries (OI) has been noted in Ukraine, but an in-depth analysis of it shows that statistical indicators do not fully reveal the complexity of the existing situation regarding the formation of the number of injuries at work and the quality of their accounting and registration, especially when it concerns changes in the legislation on Covid-19 cases, cases of sudden death in the workplace, which are recognized as related to production. This is especially true in wartime, when there is population migration, relocation of enterprises, and changes in the conditions of the investigation of OA cases during hostilities.

The purpose of the study is to identify patterns in the formation of indicators of industrial injuries in Ukraine during martial law based on the example of Kyiv.

Materials and research methods of the study of the prevalence of industrial injuries was carried out on the basis of a continuous statistical processing of primary documents compiled for all cases of accidents at work first detected and registered in Ukraine in the form of Act N-1 for 2020-2022. The analysis of industrial injuries was carried out according to the types of economic activity, the causes of occurrence, and the ways of improvement were determined in relation to OI cases.

Research results and their discussion. In the disease structure of the working-age population of Kyiv in 2022, there is a decrease in the number of OA, compared to the same period last year, by 37%. The number of Covid-19 cases has decreased compared to 2020-2021. Most of the accidents were recorded among workers during hostilities in such fields as energy, railway transport, military facilities, oil and gas facilities, heating networks.

Conclusions.

  1. In addition to legislative regulation, the indicators of labor productivity in industry are formed taking into account a significant decrease in the number of residents due to migration; relocation of enterprises or their closure; changes in the conditions of investigation of accidents at work during hostilities.
  2. In 2022, 946 accident reports were registered in Kyiv (405 of which were Covid-19), as a result of which 1,051 people were injured, including 152 fatal, which is 139% fewer than in 2021; there is a 116% decrease in the number of OA compared to the same period last year.
  3. Among the causes of OA prevail organizational reasons (42.94%), psychophysiological reasons (10.45%), technical reasons - 2.54%, technogenic, natural, environmental and social reasons (31.36%), other reasons (12.71%).
  4. The largest number of accidents occurred in the Health care sector - 18.4%, Transport, warehousing, postal and courier activities - 18.9%, Motor vehicles and motorcycles repair - 16.9%, Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply - 9.3%.
  5. The greatest number of accidents were observed at DP "Antonov", JSC "Ukrzaliznytsia", PrJSC "Ukrenergo", JSC "Ukrtransnafta", LLC "Kyiv.bronetank.zavod", DP "Naftogazbezpeka", KP "Kyivteploenergo", KO "Kyivmedspetstrans", JSC "Ukrposhta".

Keywords: industrial injuries, martial law, types of economic activity, hostilities.

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