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Implementation of international standards ratified by Ukraine to national legislation on reducing the risk of occupational diseases and occupational injuries

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.18, No 2, 2022


https://doi.org/10.33573/ujoh2022.02.083

Implementation of international standards ratified by Ukraine to national legislation on reducing the risk of occupational diseases and occupational injuries

Nahorna A.M., Ogorodnyk A.N.
State Institution «Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv


Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. After the signing of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU, Ukraine is making significant efforts to implement international recommendations and standards on safety and health at work. In 2018, the Cabinet of Ministers approved the Concept for Reforming the Occupational Safety and Health Management System in Ukraine, which creates the basis for reforming and bringing the national system of occupational safety and health in line with EU and ILO standards. In addition, EU directives on occupational safety and health, such as 2009/104/EC (2009), 89/656/EEC (1989), 89/654/EEC (1989), 89/391/EU (1989) and 92/57/EEC (1992) are enshrined in the current regulatory framework through the orders of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. However, high rates of work accidents and occupational diseases indicate that much remains to be done in Ukraine when it comes to preventing occupational hazards and promoting the safety, health and welfare of workers.

The aim of the study - analysis and determination of the state of implementation of international Conventions and Recommendations of the ILO, EU Directives to reduce the risk of developing occupational diseases and industrial injuries.

Materials and methods of research. Analyzed are international and domestic regulatory legal acts regulating the risks of occupational diseases and industrial injuries in Ukraine.

Results. The issues of implementation of international standards ratified by Ukraine in the national legislation in the field of occupational safety and health (OSH) are considered, namely, reducing the risk of developing occupational diseases and industrial injuries. Ukraine has ratified the EU Conventions in the field of occupational safety and health, such as Convention № 155 "On Safety and Health at Work and the Working Environment" (1981) and the 2002 Protocol to Convention № 155, Convention № 150 "On Labor Administration: the role, functions and organization" (1978), Convention № 160 on Labor Statistics (1985), Convention № 161 on Occupational Health Services (1985). However, Ukraine has not ratified the basic ILO Convention № 187 on the Fundamentals Promoting Occupational Safety and Health and the corresponding Recommendation № 197.

The ILO directives have been implemented into national legislation through the orders of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. Thus, in order to implement the provisions of Directive 89/391/EEC Gostruda, a draft Law of Ukraine "On the Fundamentals of Ukrainian Legislation on Occupational Safety and Health" was developed. Based on the provisions of Directive 89/654/EEC, a draft order "On the Approval of the Minimum Requirements for Health and Safety in Work Areas" has been developed. In the process of agreeing on the draft order by the interested parties, it was determined that the implementation of Directive 89/654/EEC is possible only after the full implementation of Directive 89/391/EEC into national legislation, since it is the first directive within the meaning of part 1 of Art. 16 Directive 89/391/EEC.

Directive 2009/104/EC has been implemented into national legislation by means of an order “On the Approval of the Requirements for Safety and Health Protection in the Use of Production Equipment by Workers”. Directive 89/656/EEC through the order "On the approval of the Minimum safety and health requirements for the use of personal protective equipment by workers in the workplace." Directive 92/57/EEC through the Order "On the Approval of Minimum Requirements for Occupational Safety at Temporary or Mobile Construction Sites".

Conclusions. 1. The main international legal acts in the field of labor safety, in particular the Conventions, the Recommendations of the International Labor Organization and the EU Directives, the implementation of the provisions of which in the national legal system is necessary for the effective regulation of relations to reduce the risk of developing occupational diseases and industrial injuries.

  1. Today, it is necessary to introduce the principle of employers' responsibility for ensuring the safety and health of employees in all aspects related to work, including the prevention of occupational risks, their assessment, consultations with employees and the participation of employees, health monitoring, informing, as well as providing the necessary organization and means, with strict adherence to consistent and hierarchical general principles of prevention.
  2. Ensuring that the scope of national legislation with BGP covers all areas of activity of the private, public, cooperative and social sectors, as well as all employers and workers with the exception of certain special branches of the public service and domestic workers; harmonization of the Ukrainian system of labor inspection with international labor standards and best practices, in particular with the ILO conventions "On Labor Inspection in Industry and Trade" 1947 № 81 and "On Labor Inspection in Agriculture" 1969 № 129.
  3. Improving working conditions in Ukraine actually requires not only a perfect and modern legal framework, but also a system that ensures the application and compliance with regulations.

Keywords: occupational diseases, occupational injuries, accidents, implementation, ratification, Conventions, Directives, Recommendations, Ukrainian legislation, International Labor Organization.

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