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Modern capabilities of telebiometric monitoring studies of the functional state of human body. Review. Part I. Wearable technology

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.18, No 2, 2022


https://doi.org/10.33573/ujoh2022.02.155

Modern capabilities of telebiometric monitoring studies of the functional state of human body. Review. Part I. Wearable technology

Nikolov N.A.1,2, Soloviov O.I.1, Burkovskyi Y.A. 1,2
1State Institution «Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kiyv, Ukraine
2National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Kiyv, Ukraine


Full article (PDF), UKR

Introduction. When studying the influence of specific factors of the production environment on the functional state of the human body, it is advisable to use intelligent health monitoring systems such as telebiometry using wireless sensor networks. Modern systems for such monitoring make it possible to measure physiological indicators directly or in conditions close to the real conditions of the performance of official duties of workers, in particular, dangerous professions. At the same time, sensory elements of measurement are embedded in the elements of clothing, which led to the term "smart clothing".

The purpose of the study is a literary review of modern telebiometric research methods in real time, to which the term "smart clothes" can be applied.

Materials and methods of research. Information search was carried out in the Internet search engines and specialized electronic databases: google.com, Scholar, PubMed, Mendeley, eLIBRARY.

Results. This review contains sections: "Smart clothing" (or "Wearable Technology"), which indicates the general current trends in the development of monitoring systems built into clothing, or the fabric of which has sensory properties; "Smart watch" - the capabilities of telebiometric systems built into watches and located on the wrist, which are the most common monitoring systems.

Conclusions. An analysis of the literature data allows us to say with confidence that it is advisable and necessary to use technical systems called “smart clothes” to monitor human physiological parameters. In this case, for the correct interpretation of the data it is necessary to observe the basic principle - sensors that monitor various functional systems of the body and the environment must be validated, with controlled indicators of measurement accuracy.

The use of such systems is a promising direction for implementation in various spheres of human life, especially in high-risk occupations to assess the functional state of the military, rescuers of the State Military Mining Rescue Services and Emergency Rescue Services, athletes, drivers and other professionals, clinical conditions, during periodic medical examinations, and in the conditions of training and direct performance of official duties.

Keywords: smart clothes, smart watches, telebiometrics, physiological monitoring, mine rescue.

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