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Psychophysiological features of the functional state transformation of combatants with chronic fatigue during the rehabilitation period, with respect to their personal qualities

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.17, No 4, 2021

Psychophysiological features of the functional state transformation of combatants with chronic fatigue during the rehabilitation period, with respect to their personal qualities

Kalnysh V.V., Zaitsev D.V.
State Institution «Kundiiev Institute of Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv

Full article (PDF): ENG / UKR

Introduction. Personality traits can be correlated with burnout and occupational stress. Revealing such patterns can significantly improve the quality of professional selection and rehabilitation prognosis.

Aim: to establish the influence of the personality profile on the success of the rehabilitation process of ATO/JFO veterans.

Materials and methods. 68 servicemen, men aged (32 ± 5.6) years, participants of the Anti-Terrorist Operation – Operation of the Joint Forces, who received comprehensive medical and psychological rehabilitation. Before and after rehabilitation, blood pressure and heart rate were measured. During rehabilitation, a survey was conducted on the tests of R. Cattell and SOPAS-8.

Results and discussion. Two subgroups of the surveyed were identified: subgroup 1 (46%) and subgroup 2 (54%). According to the Cattell test, the subgroups significantly differ in the scales "A", "G", "H", "Q1", "Q2", "Q3" (intellectual, emotional and communicative characteristics). According to the SOPAS-8 test, participants in subgroup 2 (compared with subgroup 1) have a lower level of desire for action, but a higher level of depression and exhaustion. Burnout symptoms in subgroup 2 individuals were more articulated. For subgroup 1, an unformed phase of voltage and the formation of a phase of resistance were typical, while for representatives of subgroup 2, mature phases of voltage and resistance. As a result of rehabilitation, the indicators of systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly improve in all representatives. In subgroup 1, the level of connectivity of physiological parameters after rehabilitation decreases (the system of body functions regulation becomes more plastic). In subgroup 2, the connectivity of physiological parameters after rehabilitation drops sharply and loses its reliability (the plasticity of regulation increases sharply, and the degree of neuro-emotional stress falls more than in subgroup 1).

Conclusions. Personal qualities affect the restoration of the functional state of ATO / JFO veterans. An indicator of the connectivity of physiological functions, reflecting the activity of the cardiovascular system and emotional state may be used as indicator of the effectiveness of rehabilitation.

Key words: personal qualities, emotional state, emotional burnout, combatants, rehabilitation.


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