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State of occupational injury in Ukraine in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic

ISSN 2223-6775 Ukrainian journal of occupational health Vol.17, No 3, 2021

State of occupational injury in Ukraine in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic

Nagorna A.M.1, Savenkova N.V.2
1SI "Institute of Occupational Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv
2State Labor Service of Ukraine, Kyiv

Full article (PDF)

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the indicators of occupational injuries both in the world and in Ukraine. The International Labor Organization has developed a system of international labor standards that are useful in the field of labor in the context of the crisis response to the COVID-19 outbreak. Compliance with the basic provisions of these norms, related to labor protection, protection of certain categories of workers, is a guarantee that employers and authorities will provide decent employment in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Employers must prevent accidents at work, provide safe workplaces, mechanisms, equipment and processes that do not endanger the health of the employee.

In Ukraine during the pandemic, regulations appeared (Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine № 521 (2020) "On Amendments to the List of especially dangerous, dangerous infectious and parasitic human diseases and carriers of pathogens of these diseases, which include acute respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 ", to be included in the statistical group of accidents at work (AW).

The aim - to identify patterns of spread of industrial accidents in Ukraine in terms of pandemic COVID -19.

Materials and research methods. The method of studying the prevalence of occupational injuries was based on the principle of a continuous statistical sample of primary documents compiled for all cases of first detected and registered in Ukraine AW in production in Ukraine for 2019-2021, in the form of Act H-1 (in the event that the accident is recognized as related to production). According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine and the State Labor Service of Ukraine, an analysis of occupational injuries over the years by types of economic activity, professions, causes. Data were processed by classical methods of descriptive epidemiology.

Research results and discussion. In 2020, compared to 2019, the number of AWs increased by 51.3% due to patients with COVID-19 in the socio-cultural sphere and trade, in the agro-industrial complex, transport, coal industry.

Conclusions. In 2020, the Social Insurance Fund and the State Labor Service of Ukraine received 40,737 reports of AW/acute occupational diseases (poisoning). Compared to 2019, the number of such reports has increased 7 times, the number of fatalities - by 25.5% due to the large number of diseases of COVID-19 medical and/or other employees.

In 2020, 6,646 (of which 393 were fatal) victims of AW/acute occupational diseases were registered, on which acts related to production were drawn up in the form H-1/P. In 2020, compared to 2019, the number of AWs increased by 51.3%, the number of fatally injured persons decreased by 4.1%. During this period, the socio-cultural sphere, especially health care with the infection of COVID-19 workers, came out on top in terms of the number of AWs in production. Workers of the following professions were most injured in 2020: nurse, junior nurse (nurse, cleaner, bartender, etc.), driver of vehicles, general practitioner-family doctor, hospital nurse.

The number of AWs with a fatal impact on production in the areas of supervision indicates that they are also the largest, in addition to the socio-cultural sphere and trade, in the agro-industrial complex, transport, coal industry. The majority of fatalities in 2019 occurred for organizational reasons (73%), for technical reasons -14%, for psychophysiological reasons - 13%.

The structure of causes of fatal AW changed in 2020, their significant advantage in organizational and psychophysiological terms and less - in technical terms due to the emergence and course of COVID-19. In 2020, the largest number of them occurred for organizational reasons (48.7%), for psychophysiological reasons - 45.3%, for technical reasons - 6%.

Key words: pandemic, COVID -19, occupational injuries, industries.


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