Varyvonchyk D. V.


State Institution "Institute for Occupational Health of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Full article (PDF), ENG

Introduction. Occupational cancer is an actual problem of occupational health. Reforms of the national healthcare and work safety systems in Ukraine create a need to identify strategies for further research on occupational cancer.

The purpose of the work was to summarize the results of studies of the Institute for Occupational Health (IOH) of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine and to elaborate a strategy of further studies in preventing occupational cancer in Ukraine.

Materials and methods. Generalization of the results obtained in studies performed in the IOH within 2004–2016.

Results. A number of scientific studies were conducted in Ukraine within 2004–2016 in order: to initiate identification, registration and monitoring of occupational cancer; to identify carcinogenic hazards; to make risk assessment on morbidity of occupational cancer in the priority sectors of the economic activity of the country and in the selected cancer-hazardous industries (asbestos-cement, asphalt-bitumen, coke, rubber, machine building, iron and steel metallurgy, uranium mining, in the health care system, etc.); to investigate etiology and pathogenesis of occupational lung, pleural and skin cancer; to obtain additional data on cancer pathogenesis in exposures to silicon dioxide dust, ultraviolet radiation, and so on. At the present stage of developing there are existing some gaps in prevention of occupational cancer in Ukraine, which are associated with systemic problems in the country administration, resulting from restructuring and reformation of the government organs. Due to the limited funding and a significant decrease in the science personnel potential it is important to identify applied scientific studies as priority ones, directed at implementation of international recommendations in the sphere of occupational cancer prevention in Ukraine.

Key words: occupational cancer, prevention, research


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