HYGIENIC EVALUATION OF WORKING CONDITIONS IN PESTICIDES APPLICATION: POSSIBILITIES OF ALTERNATIVE APPROACH
Institute for Occupational Health of AMS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Full article (PDF), UKR
Nowadays, hygienic regulation of safe use of pesticides in agriculture requires a substantial revision, because of the existence of a number of provisional pesticide standards for the working zone air and due to unavailability of acceptable regulation levels for operator's skin contamination. The solution of this task with the use of «classic* technologies for experimental grounding of standards appears to be not rational, taking into account the intensity of work. The constructive alternative of such technology is in the use of methodology for risk assessment, modem risk assessment exposure models for pesticides applicators, in particular. Under such approach the integral acceptable operator exposure levels (AOELs) are the supporting criteria of safety, determined basing on the analysis of the aggregate of toxicological data with the use of the proposed algorithm. Working out of hygienic standards for pesticides for the working environment with the use of AOELs and with due into account of peculiarities of the toxic effect of pesticides under different ways of entering into the human body will promote further development of the discussed approach.
Key words: pesticides, work conditions, hygienic standards, risk assessment, acceptable operator exposure levels, evaluation algorithm, prospects of hygienic regulation of pesticides
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