You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AT THERMAL POWER PLANTS

1(34) 2013

DOI xxxxxxxx

Moshkovskry V. E,. Demetska O. V.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AT THERMAL POWER PLANTS

SI «Institute for Occupational Health of NAMS of Ukraine», Kyiv

Full article (PDF), UKR

Background. The potential of heat and power engineering of Ukraine is 44 power plants, of which 14 are large ones, using coal, natural gas, fuel oil and diesel fuel. Coal dominates in the general amount of mining, which is used mostly in production of electricity and heat. The total number of employees is about several thousands people. Thermal power plants (TPP) are most commonly used in Ukraine. Results. Main adverse factors, contributing lo high level of morbidity among workers of the TPP. arc noise, microclimate of industrial premises, heaviness and intensity of work, dust in the working zone air. Despite the great number of hygienic studies,conducted in the previous years, the effect of asbestos fibers,available in the dust mixture of a number of industrial premises ofTPP.was not taken into account. Different insulation materials arc widely used at thermal power plants, including synthetic and natural fibers, as well as asbestos. As a result of destruction of these materials in the working zone air thermal power plants can be contaminated with aerosols, containing artificial and natural mineral fibers, and so, can result in development of pathological changes in the health of workers of boiler-turbine shops, which, most of their lime, are engaged in the maintenance of the technological equipment of these shops. Conclusions. Taking into account the actuality oft he problem of elimination of asbestos-related diseases, one of important problems of occupational health nowa¬days is elimination of asbestos fibers in the thermal insulation from the working zone air and development of the system of measures lor prevention of the effect of asbestos on the worker's health.

Key words: thermal power plants, working conditions, asbestos-containg dust

References

  1. Antropov G L. Fiziologo-gigiyenicheskaya kharakteristika truda operatorov pul'ta upravleniya elektrostantsiy blochnogo tipa / G. L. Antropov. Yu. P. Pal'tsev. O. M. Mal'tseva // Gigiyena truda i profzabolevaniya.- 1969.- No 8.- S. 10-13.
  2. Teplotekhnika / A. P. Baskakov, B. S. Berg. O. K. Vitt [i dr.| // Uchebnik dlya vuzov.- M.: Energoatomizdat. 1991.- 224 s.
  3. Borovskaya G. A. Otsenka napryazheniya fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u mashinistov-operatorovTES v svyazi s usloviyami truda // Materialy VI Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii po fiziologii truda.- M.: 1973. S. 51-52.
  4. Vishnevskaya Ye. P. Gigiyenicheskaya otsenka usloviy truda v turbinnykh tsekhakh teplovykh elektrostantsiy // Gigiyena i sanitariya.- 1960.-No 2.-S. 18-23.
  5. Blochnyye TES bol'shoy moshchnosti / Gel'man A. E. [i dr.).- M.: IZD. Energetika. 1967.- 350 s.
  6. Ginzburg-Shik L. D. TETS i ikh tekhnologicheskoye oborudovaniye / L. D. Ginzburg-Shik. A. P. Bordyukov.- M.: Energiya. 1907.- 403 s.
  7. Girshfel'd V. Ya. Teplovyye elektricheskiye stantsii / V. Ya. Girshfel'd, G. I. Morozov - M.: Energiya. 1973.- 239 s.
  8. Grozhan R. S. Sanitarnyye usloviya na GES / R. S. Grozhan, V. A. Kryzhanovskiy // Gigiyena i sanitariya.- 1964.- No 12.-S. 31-35.
  9. Yelizarov D. P. Teploenergeticheskiye ustanovki elektrostantsiy: Uchebnik dlya vuzov /D. P. Yelizarov.- M.: Energoatomizdat. 1982.- 264 s.
  10. Zhidkova L. V. Simpatiko-adrenalovaya sistema kak pokazatel' napryazhennosti gruda operatorov pul'tov upravleniya / L. V. Zhidkona. N. A. Shvyreva. YU. P. Pal'tsev // Gigiyena truda.- 1969.- No 9- S. 33-35..
  11. Zakharenko M. I. Mikroklimat teplovykh elektrostantsiy razlichnykh klimaticheskikh rayonov SSSR, vliyaniye yego na organizm rabochikh osnovnykh professiy i mery po normalizatsii /Avtoref. dis. kand.-K.. 1978.-27 s.
  12. K voprosu o fiziologo-gigiyenicheskoy otsenke usloviy truda operatorov TOO / V. G. Kirni [i dr.| // Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo medinstituta. Vyp. 115.- Irkutsk, 1972.-36 s.
  13. Kashanskiy S. V. Gigiyenicheskiye osobennosti pylevogo miksta, vitayushchego v kotloturbiinykh tsekhakh teplovykh elektrostantsiy v mezhremontnyy period / S. V. Kashalskiy. O. V. Shirokova. L. A. Skryabin // Sovremennyye problemy gigiyeny truda: Materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 140-letiyu obrazovaniya kafedry obshchey, voyenno-sukhoputnoy i voyenno-morskoy gigiyeny Mediko-khirurgichsskoy akademii i 90-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya professora N. F. Kosheleva (24-25 noyabrya 2005 goda).- Sankt-Peterburg, 2005.- S. 80-81.
  14. Kogan F. M. Asbestosoderzhashchiye pyli i mery preduprezhdeniya ikh vrednogo vliyaniya na zdorov'ye rabotayushchikh / F. M. Kogan.- Sverdlovsk. 1975.
  15. Nekotoryye osobennosti usloviy truda i fiziologicheskikh funktsiy rabotayushchikh na pul'takh upravleniya teplovykh elektrostantsiy / S. G. Kryzhanovskiy (i dr.) // Gigiyena i fiziologiya truda, proizvodstvennaya toksikologiya, klinika profzabolevaniy USSR.- Gospolitizdat. 1963 - S. 228-235.
  16. Usloviya truda na sovremennykh TES i ikh vliyaniye na organizm rabotayushchikh i puti ozdorovleniya / Yu. I. Kundiev. A. O. Navakatikyan |idr.| // Gigiyena truda i profzabolevaniya.- Irkutsk, 1972.- S. 68-69.
  17. Kundiev Yu.I., Navakatikyan A.O. (1974), “Measures to improve the working conditions of operators of thermal power plants and their economic efficiency”, Gigiyena i sanitaria, 12, 12-14.
  18. Kundiev Yu.I., Navakatikyan A.O., Tupchiy E.P. (1974), “ Measures to improve the working conditions of operators of thermal power plants and their economic efficiency”, Gigiyena i sanitaria, 19, 36-37.
  19. Kundiev Yu.I., Navakatikyan A.O., Krasnyuk E.P., Buzunov B.A. (1975), Ozdorovleniye usloviy truda i uluchsheniye meditsinskogo obsluzhivaniya rabotayushchikh na sovremennykh teplovykh elektrostantsiyakh. Metodicheskiye rekomendatsii. [Improving working conditions and medical care of workers at modern thermal power plants. Methodical recomendations], Kiev, Ukraine.
  20. Maksimova O. F. Nekotoryye voprosy vozrastnoy reaktsii organizma operatorov teplovykh elektrostantsiy na vozdeystviye faktorov proizvodstvennoy sredy / Maksimova O. F. / Tezisy dokladov. Materialy nauchnoy sessii instituta.- Donetsk. 1965.-S. 212-214.
  21. Maksimova O. F. Otsenka napryazheniya fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u mashinistov-operatorov raznogo vozrasta na pul'takh upravleniya TES / Maksimova O. F. // Fiziologiya truda.- M.: Nauka. 1967.- S. 204-206.
  22. Maksimova O. F. Fiziologicheskaya otsenka ratsionalizatsii truda mashinistov-operatorov TES / O. F. Maksimova. A. 11. Okhrimenko // Gigiyena truda i profzabolevaniya.- 1969.-No 1.-S. 35-36.
  23. Maksimova O. F. Napryazheniye fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u mashinistov-operatorov raznogo vozrasta na pul'takh upravleniya GES / Maksimova O. F. // Gigiyena i sanitariya.- 1971.- No 3.- S. 43-47.
  24. Sravnitel'naya otsenka truda i napryazhennosti fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u operatorov teplovykh elektrostantsiy / O. F. Maksimova. K). I. Vasilenko |idr.| // Fiziologiya truda.- M.: Nauka. 1967.-S. 203-204.
  25. Maksimova O. F. Otsenka napryazhennosti fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u mashinistov-operatorov raznogo vozrasta na pul'takh upravleniya TETS / Maksimova O. F. // Materialy Vsesoyuznoy V konferentsii po fiziologii truda.- 1967.-S. 37.
  26. Usloviya truda mashinistov-operatorov blochnykh TES / O. F. Maksimova. A. P. Okhrimenko |n dr.| // Gignena i sanitariya.- 1968.- No 2.- S. 27.
  27. Maksimova O. F. Funktsional'noye sostoyaniye organizma mashinistov-operatorov za vremya raboty na TES / Maksimova O. F. // Gigiyena i sanitariya,- 1964.-No 1.-S. 32-36.
  28. Moszkowskiy V.E., Demetska O.V., Salnikova I.A. (2012), “To the problem of rating chrysotike-asbestos in the worki g zone air”, Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Health, 1, 21-25.
  29. Napryazheniye i tyazhest' truda osnovnykh kategoriy rabochikh na sovremennykh teplovykh elektrostantsiyakh / O. Navakatikyan, Yu. I. Kundiev [i dr.| // Fiziologicheskiy zhurnal USSR.- 1975.- No12,- S. 215-221.
  30. Nahorna A.M. (1973), “Morbidity with temporary disability in boiler and turbine operators at thermal power plants”, Gigiyena truda, Collection of papers, Issue 9, Zdorov’ya, 64 66.
  31. Nagornaya AM. (1975), “Morbidity with temporary disability in workers of basic professions of energy enterprises and its dependence on working conditions”, Abstract. Cand. Thesis, Kiev, Ukraine.
  32. Oskina V.N. Analysis of the air at some thermal power plants / Osysina V.N. // Gigiena and sanitation.- 1973.- No’5.- S. 116-120.
  33. Okhrimenko A. P. Fiziologo-gigiyenicheskiye osobennosti usloviy truda operatorov pul'tov upravleniya TES / A. P. Okhrimenko. O. F. Maksimova // Tezisy dokladov «Materialy nauchnoy sessii instituta».- Donetsk. 1965.- S. 217-218.
  34. Pal'tsev YU. P. Mikroklimat na TES i puti yego normalizatsii / Yu. P. Pal'tsev. N. L. Tsirkova // Materialy XXIV Moskovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii po problemam promyshlennoy gigiyeny,-M.. 1969.-S. 58-59.
  35. Ruttenburg S. O. Fiziologicheskaya kharakteristika trudovogo protsessa na pul'te upravleniya elektrostantsii / S. O. Ruttenburg, I.Den-Su, N. I. Nasledova // Issledovaniya po fiziologii trudovykh protssssov.-M.. 1962.-S. 208-214.
  36. Sterman L. S. Teplovyye i atomnyye elektricheskiye stantsii: Uchebnik dlya vuzov / L. S. Sterman., M. Lavigin, S. G. Tishin - M.: Ensrgoatomizdat, 1995.-416 s.
  37. Trukhniy L. D. Osnovy sovremennoy energetiki: uchebnik dlya vuzov: v 2t. / A. D. Trukhniy. Ye. V. Ametistova.- M.: Izdatel'skiy dom MEI. 2008.- 472 s.
  38. Chebanova O.V. Gigiyena truda i mery po yeye uluchsheniyu na elektrostantsiyakh/ O.V. Chebanova i dr. // - L.: Energetika,- 1969.-S. 11-15.
  39. Shaposhnikova L. I. K kharakteristike metiofaktora v sovremennykh teplotsenralyakh /Shaposhnikova L. I. // Trudy Permskogo medinstituta.- 1937. S. 237-241.
  40. http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/zl77612
  41. http://whqllbdoc.who.int/h<|/2006/WHO SDE OEH_06.03_rus.pdf